Life cycle assessment of timber components in Taiwan traditional temples

S Y Yeo, M F Hsu, Wen Shao Chang, J L Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

For years, research on the life cycle of conventional building materials (e.g. reinforced concrete and metal structures) has been studied; however very little literature can be found in non-conventional materials such as timber. Ever since the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake that happened in Taiwan, many traditional timber framework buildings were destroyed or severely damaged. For the past decade, enormous amount of resources have been invested by the Taiwanese government to begin various studies on traditional timber building techniques, timber material testing etc. Although correct building technique or proper use of building material are crucial towards establishing a structurally-sound timber framework, without proper building maintenance, the structural integrity will also be jeopardised in future. With the continual decline of timber supply, re-using existing timber materials becomes especially important in building conservation. In this paper, eight Taiwanese traditional temples are used to study the life cycle of historic timber framework. Based on past records of each building's restoration process, statistical calculations of various timber components at different repair stages and oral interviews with the traditional master carpenters, architects and timber surveying units, results shown that alteration design during repair stage is recommended as it enables architects to give more informed repair advice. However if improper or unsuitable measures are carried out during emergency rescue work, timber deterioration will only aggravate further instead of being salvaged. Lastly, a theoretical calculation method for timber framework life span is proposed by using 50% as the critical point for overall structural failure.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC12
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherElsevier
Pages2683-2691
Number of pages9
Volume14
ISBN (Print)1877-7058
DOIs
StatusPublished - Jan 2011
EventThe Twelfth East Asia-Pacific on Structural Engineering and Construction - Hong Kong
Duration: 26 Jan 201128 Jan 2011

Publication series

NameProcedia Engineering
PublisherElsevier

Conference

ConferenceThe Twelfth East Asia-Pacific on Structural Engineering and Construction
CityHong Kong
Period26/01/1128/01/11

Fingerprint

Timber
Life cycle
Repair
Materials testing
Surveying
Structural integrity
Restoration
Deterioration
Reinforced concrete
Conservation
Earthquakes
Acoustic waves

Cite this

Yeo, S. Y., Hsu, M. F., Chang, W. S., & Chen, J. L. (2011). Life cycle assessment of timber components in Taiwan traditional temples. In Proceedings of the 12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC12 (Vol. 14, pp. 2683-2691). (Procedia Engineering). Oxford: Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.337

Life cycle assessment of timber components in Taiwan traditional temples. / Yeo, S Y; Hsu, M F; Chang, Wen Shao; Chen, J L.

Proceedings of the 12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC12. Vol. 14 Oxford : Elsevier, 2011. p. 2683-2691 (Procedia Engineering).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Yeo, SY, Hsu, MF, Chang, WS & Chen, JL 2011, Life cycle assessment of timber components in Taiwan traditional temples. in Proceedings of the 12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC12. vol. 14, Procedia Engineering, Elsevier, Oxford, pp. 2683-2691, The Twelfth East Asia-Pacific on Structural Engineering and Construction, Hong Kong, 26/01/11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.337
Yeo SY, Hsu MF, Chang WS, Chen JL. Life cycle assessment of timber components in Taiwan traditional temples. In Proceedings of the 12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC12. Vol. 14. Oxford: Elsevier. 2011. p. 2683-2691. (Procedia Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.337
Yeo, S Y ; Hsu, M F ; Chang, Wen Shao ; Chen, J L. / Life cycle assessment of timber components in Taiwan traditional temples. Proceedings of the 12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC12. Vol. 14 Oxford : Elsevier, 2011. pp. 2683-2691 (Procedia Engineering).
@inbook{c5291e9493554a5db483c0a57898164e,
title = "Life cycle assessment of timber components in Taiwan traditional temples",
abstract = "For years, research on the life cycle of conventional building materials (e.g. reinforced concrete and metal structures) has been studied; however very little literature can be found in non-conventional materials such as timber. Ever since the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake that happened in Taiwan, many traditional timber framework buildings were destroyed or severely damaged. For the past decade, enormous amount of resources have been invested by the Taiwanese government to begin various studies on traditional timber building techniques, timber material testing etc. Although correct building technique or proper use of building material are crucial towards establishing a structurally-sound timber framework, without proper building maintenance, the structural integrity will also be jeopardised in future. With the continual decline of timber supply, re-using existing timber materials becomes especially important in building conservation. In this paper, eight Taiwanese traditional temples are used to study the life cycle of historic timber framework. Based on past records of each building's restoration process, statistical calculations of various timber components at different repair stages and oral interviews with the traditional master carpenters, architects and timber surveying units, results shown that alteration design during repair stage is recommended as it enables architects to give more informed repair advice. However if improper or unsuitable measures are carried out during emergency rescue work, timber deterioration will only aggravate further instead of being salvaged. Lastly, a theoretical calculation method for timber framework life span is proposed by using 50{\%} as the critical point for overall structural failure.",
author = "Yeo, {S Y} and Hsu, {M F} and Chang, {Wen Shao} and Chen, {J L}",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.337",
language = "English",
isbn = "1877-7058",
volume = "14",
series = "Procedia Engineering",
publisher = "Elsevier",
pages = "2683--2691",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC12",
address = "Netherlands",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Life cycle assessment of timber components in Taiwan traditional temples

AU - Yeo, S Y

AU - Hsu, M F

AU - Chang, Wen Shao

AU - Chen, J L

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - For years, research on the life cycle of conventional building materials (e.g. reinforced concrete and metal structures) has been studied; however very little literature can be found in non-conventional materials such as timber. Ever since the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake that happened in Taiwan, many traditional timber framework buildings were destroyed or severely damaged. For the past decade, enormous amount of resources have been invested by the Taiwanese government to begin various studies on traditional timber building techniques, timber material testing etc. Although correct building technique or proper use of building material are crucial towards establishing a structurally-sound timber framework, without proper building maintenance, the structural integrity will also be jeopardised in future. With the continual decline of timber supply, re-using existing timber materials becomes especially important in building conservation. In this paper, eight Taiwanese traditional temples are used to study the life cycle of historic timber framework. Based on past records of each building's restoration process, statistical calculations of various timber components at different repair stages and oral interviews with the traditional master carpenters, architects and timber surveying units, results shown that alteration design during repair stage is recommended as it enables architects to give more informed repair advice. However if improper or unsuitable measures are carried out during emergency rescue work, timber deterioration will only aggravate further instead of being salvaged. Lastly, a theoretical calculation method for timber framework life span is proposed by using 50% as the critical point for overall structural failure.

AB - For years, research on the life cycle of conventional building materials (e.g. reinforced concrete and metal structures) has been studied; however very little literature can be found in non-conventional materials such as timber. Ever since the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake that happened in Taiwan, many traditional timber framework buildings were destroyed or severely damaged. For the past decade, enormous amount of resources have been invested by the Taiwanese government to begin various studies on traditional timber building techniques, timber material testing etc. Although correct building technique or proper use of building material are crucial towards establishing a structurally-sound timber framework, without proper building maintenance, the structural integrity will also be jeopardised in future. With the continual decline of timber supply, re-using existing timber materials becomes especially important in building conservation. In this paper, eight Taiwanese traditional temples are used to study the life cycle of historic timber framework. Based on past records of each building's restoration process, statistical calculations of various timber components at different repair stages and oral interviews with the traditional master carpenters, architects and timber surveying units, results shown that alteration design during repair stage is recommended as it enables architects to give more informed repair advice. However if improper or unsuitable measures are carried out during emergency rescue work, timber deterioration will only aggravate further instead of being salvaged. Lastly, a theoretical calculation method for timber framework life span is proposed by using 50% as the critical point for overall structural failure.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.337

U2 - 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.337

DO - 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.337

M3 - Chapter

SN - 1877-7058

VL - 14

T3 - Procedia Engineering

SP - 2683

EP - 2691

BT - Proceedings of the 12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC12

PB - Elsevier

CY - Oxford

ER -