Abstract

A key benefit of microgeneration is reduced carbon dioxide emissions during operation, compared with conventional energy technologies. This benefit must however be weighed up against their environmental ‘costs’, including the ‘embodied’ carbon dioxide emissions associated with their manufacture.

This chapter describes the life cycle assessment (LCA) of four micro-generators – micro-wind, solar PV, solar hot water and fuel cell micro-CHP. It then focuses on one aspect of environmental performance – the carbon footprint – and compares operational savings with embodied carbon to calculate the carbon payback period for each microgeneration technology.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationDomestic Microgeneration
Subtitle of host publicationRenewable and Distributed Energy Technologies, Policies and Economics
EditorsI. Staffell, D. J. L. Brett, N. P. Brandon, A. D. Hawkes
Place of PublicationAbingdon, U. K.
PublisherRoutledge
Pages299-318
ISBN (Print)9780415810418
StatusPublished - 24 Jun 2015

Fingerprint

carbon footprint
life cycle
carbon dioxide
carbon
fuel cell
savings
solar wind
energy technology
conventional energy
hot water
environmental cost
environmental performance

Keywords

  • Life Cycle Assessment
  • energy analysis
  • embodied energy
  • Embodied Carbon
  • Carbon Payback Time
  • carbon footprints
  • Carbon accounting

Cite this

Allen, S., McManus, M., & Staffell, I. (2015). Life Cycle Assessment of Four Microgenerators: Carbon Footprints and Payback Times. In I. Staffell, D. J. L. Brett, N. P. Brandon, & A. D. Hawkes (Eds.), Domestic Microgeneration: Renewable and Distributed Energy Technologies, Policies and Economics (pp. 299-318). Abingdon, U. K.: Routledge.

Life Cycle Assessment of Four Microgenerators : Carbon Footprints and Payback Times. / Allen, Stephen; McManus, Marcelle; Staffell, Iain.

Domestic Microgeneration: Renewable and Distributed Energy Technologies, Policies and Economics. ed. / I. Staffell; D. J. L. Brett; N. P. Brandon; A. D. Hawkes. Abingdon, U. K. : Routledge, 2015. p. 299-318.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Allen, S, McManus, M & Staffell, I 2015, Life Cycle Assessment of Four Microgenerators: Carbon Footprints and Payback Times. in I Staffell, DJL Brett, NP Brandon & AD Hawkes (eds), Domestic Microgeneration: Renewable and Distributed Energy Technologies, Policies and Economics. Routledge, Abingdon, U. K., pp. 299-318.
Allen S, McManus M, Staffell I. Life Cycle Assessment of Four Microgenerators: Carbon Footprints and Payback Times. In Staffell I, Brett DJL, Brandon NP, Hawkes AD, editors, Domestic Microgeneration: Renewable and Distributed Energy Technologies, Policies and Economics. Abingdon, U. K.: Routledge. 2015. p. 299-318
Allen, Stephen ; McManus, Marcelle ; Staffell, Iain. / Life Cycle Assessment of Four Microgenerators : Carbon Footprints and Payback Times. Domestic Microgeneration: Renewable and Distributed Energy Technologies, Policies and Economics. editor / I. Staffell ; D. J. L. Brett ; N. P. Brandon ; A. D. Hawkes. Abingdon, U. K. : Routledge, 2015. pp. 299-318
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