The practice of teaching academic EFL writing with no formal training in TESOL or applied linguistics raises some important concerns regarding the impact on students’ writing education. Such a practice occurs in higher education, particularly in expanding circle countries, where the TESOL profession may be unregulated and ‘nativeness’ may be viewed as a qualification to teach English language. While some programs provide non-TESOL-trained teachers with a prescribed curriculum and possibly all materials, others do not, which raises the question: What do teachers do when TESOL training is not required and no curriculum is prescribed? In this yearlong study at a Japanese university, four English writing teachers (two TESOL trained and two not) were observed monthly in their writing classrooms. The teachers and sixteen of their students were interviewed monthly to add further insight into the practices observed. Findings revealed that teachers took very different approaches to the teaching of writing due to the lack of a prescribed curriculum; teachers also expelled different philosophies about teaching English academic writing, with TESOL-trained teachers basing their approaches in theory, and the non-TESOL trained teachers drawing on their own experiences. Despite these differences, all of the classes focused on thesis-based argumentative writing and utilized a process approach. However, the two TESOL-trained teachers focused on structures and forms, while the non-TESOL-trained teachers focused on writing as a tool to facilitate communication and critical thinking practices. These varying approaches resulted in different written output and learner comprehension (or confusion) about English academic writing.
|Publication status||Unpublished - Sep 2016|
|Event||Second Language Research Forum - Columbia University, New York, USA United States|
Duration: 22 Sep 2016 → 25 Sep 2016
Conference number: 35
|Conference||Second Language Research Forum|
|Country/Territory||USA United States|
|Period||22/09/16 → 25/09/16|