L-Glutamate binding sites of parasitic nematodes: an association with ivermectin resistance?

M V Hejmadi, S Jagannathan, N S Delany, G C Coles, A J Wolstenholme

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nematode membrane preparations contain high amounts of low-affinity specific L-glutamate binding sites. The numbers of these sites were increased in 2 isolates, one field-derived and the other laboratory-derived, of ivermectin-resistant Haemonchus contortus and a field isolate of ivermectin-resistant Telodorsagia circumcincta, when compared to control, drug-sensitive isolates. Specific [H-3]ivermectin binding to these membrane preparations showed no differences between ivermectin-sensitive and resistant isolates and the number of ivermectin binding sites was approximately 100-fold less than the number of L-glutamate binding sites. Kinetic analysis of L-glutamate binding suggested the presence of at least 2 classes of binding site. L-Glutamate binding was blocked by ibotenic acid, kynurenic acid and beta-hydroxyaspartate, but not by ivermectin, argiopine, kainate, quisqualate or NMDA. Competition assays with ibotenic acid suggested that there were 2 distinct populations of glutamate binding sites and that the site with the lower affinity for ibotenate was upregulated in the ivermectin-resistant nematodes. In the field isolate of resistant H. contortus we found no coding changes in the cDNAs encoding glutamate-gated chloride channel subunits HG2, HG3 and HG4, nor were any changes in channel expression detected using subunit-specific antibodies. The low-affinity binding site is unlikely to be associated with the ivermectin receptor in these nematodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-545
Number of pages11
JournalParasitology
Volume120
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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