Krankheitsmodelle in der Psychiatrie - Systematische Literaturübersicht

Translated title of the contribution: Illness models in psychiatry – Systematic review

Dirk Richter, Jeremy Dixon

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

Background
Mental health and mental illness have been contested concepts for decades, with a wide variety of models being proposed. To date, there has been no exhaustive review that provides an overview of existing models.

Aim
To conduct a quasi-systematic review of theoretical models of mental health problems.

Methods
We searched academic databases, reference lists, and an electronic bookshop for literature that proposed, endorsed, reviewed, or critiqued such models. Papers, book chapters, and books were included with material by researchers, clinicians, non-medical professions, and service users writing between 2000 to June 2020 being considered. The study was registered with the Open Science Framework (No. osf.io/r3tjx).

Results
Based on 110 publications, we identified 34 different models which were grouped into five broader categories. Many models bridged two or more categories. Biological and psychological approaches had the largest number of models while social, consumer and cultural models were less diversified. Due to the non-empirical nature of the publications, several limitations in terms of search and quality appraisal apply.

Conclusions
We conclude that mental health care needs to acknowledge the diversity of theoretical models on mental health problems.
Translated title of the contributionIllness models in psychiatry – Systematic review
Original languageGerman
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2022
EventDreiländerkongress Psychiatrische Pflege: Three Countries Congress: Nursing in Psychiatry - Austria Trend Parkhotel Schönbrunn, Vienna, Austria
Duration: 22 Sep 202223 Sep 2022

Conference

ConferenceDreiländerkongress Psychiatrische Pflege
Country/TerritoryAustria
CityVienna
Period22/09/2223/09/22

Keywords

  • Mental illness models
  • Systematic review
  • Defintition of mental illness

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