Kinetic determinants of athletics sprint start performance

Aki I.T. Salo, Steffi L. Colyer, Piers Chen, Anna M. Davies, Matias F. Morgan, Sophie Page

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

109 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The sprint start lays a foundation to a good performance of track athletes. Thus, the aim was to understand the key force production determinants of the athletics sprint start. Eleven male athletes performed normal sprint starts with ground reaction forces collected at 1000 Hz from under each extremity separately. Key kinetic variables were analysed from six starts from each athlete and correlated with the horizontal external power. Several force and timing variables provided statistically significant correlations, but especially the high ratio of forces at 58.9 ± 3.5% with r = .941 (p = .000) demonstrated the importance of horizontal force production during the start. Better performers reached large forces on the blocks quicker, although it was interesting that the actual rate of force production did not statistically significantly correlate with the horizontal external power.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports
EditorsWolfgang Potthast, Anja Niehoff, Sina David
Place of PublicationCologne, Germany
PublisherGerman Sport University
Pages895-898
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

Fingerprint

Athletes
Sports
Extremities

Keywords

  • forces
  • Power
  • sprinting
  • track and field
  • correlation

Cite this

Salo, A. I. T., Colyer, S. L., Chen, P., Davies, A. M., Morgan, M. F., & Page, S. (2017). Kinetic determinants of athletics sprint start performance. In W. Potthast, A. Niehoff, & S. David (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (Vol. 1, pp. 895-898). Cologne, Germany: German Sport University.

Kinetic determinants of athletics sprint start performance. / Salo, Aki I.T.; Colyer, Steffi L.; Chen, Piers; Davies, Anna M.; Morgan, Matias F.; Page, Sophie.

Proceedings of the 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. ed. / Wolfgang Potthast; Anja Niehoff; Sina David. Vol. 1 Cologne, Germany : German Sport University, 2017. p. 895-898.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Salo, AIT, Colyer, SL, Chen, P, Davies, AM, Morgan, MF & Page, S 2017, Kinetic determinants of athletics sprint start performance. in W Potthast, A Niehoff & S David (eds), Proceedings of the 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. vol. 1, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany, pp. 895-898.
Salo AIT, Colyer SL, Chen P, Davies AM, Morgan MF, Page S. Kinetic determinants of athletics sprint start performance. In Potthast W, Niehoff A, David S, editors, Proceedings of the 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. Vol. 1. Cologne, Germany: German Sport University. 2017. p. 895-898
Salo, Aki I.T. ; Colyer, Steffi L. ; Chen, Piers ; Davies, Anna M. ; Morgan, Matias F. ; Page, Sophie. / Kinetic determinants of athletics sprint start performance. Proceedings of the 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. editor / Wolfgang Potthast ; Anja Niehoff ; Sina David. Vol. 1 Cologne, Germany : German Sport University, 2017. pp. 895-898
@inbook{27559af494d5412394035f156e4ff141,
title = "Kinetic determinants of athletics sprint start performance",
abstract = "The sprint start lays a foundation to a good performance of track athletes. Thus, the aim was to understand the key force production determinants of the athletics sprint start. Eleven male athletes performed normal sprint starts with ground reaction forces collected at 1000 Hz from under each extremity separately. Key kinetic variables were analysed from six starts from each athlete and correlated with the horizontal external power. Several force and timing variables provided statistically significant correlations, but especially the high ratio of forces at 58.9 ± 3.5{\%} with r = .941 (p = .000) demonstrated the importance of horizontal force production during the start. Better performers reached large forces on the blocks quicker, although it was interesting that the actual rate of force production did not statistically significantly correlate with the horizontal external power.",
keywords = "forces, Power, sprinting, track and field, correlation",
author = "Salo, {Aki I.T.} and Colyer, {Steffi L.} and Piers Chen and Davies, {Anna M.} and Morgan, {Matias F.} and Sophie Page",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "895--898",
editor = "Wolfgang Potthast and Anja Niehoff and Sina David",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports",
publisher = "German Sport University",
address = "Germany",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Kinetic determinants of athletics sprint start performance

AU - Salo, Aki I.T.

AU - Colyer, Steffi L.

AU - Chen, Piers

AU - Davies, Anna M.

AU - Morgan, Matias F.

AU - Page, Sophie

PY - 2017/6

Y1 - 2017/6

N2 - The sprint start lays a foundation to a good performance of track athletes. Thus, the aim was to understand the key force production determinants of the athletics sprint start. Eleven male athletes performed normal sprint starts with ground reaction forces collected at 1000 Hz from under each extremity separately. Key kinetic variables were analysed from six starts from each athlete and correlated with the horizontal external power. Several force and timing variables provided statistically significant correlations, but especially the high ratio of forces at 58.9 ± 3.5% with r = .941 (p = .000) demonstrated the importance of horizontal force production during the start. Better performers reached large forces on the blocks quicker, although it was interesting that the actual rate of force production did not statistically significantly correlate with the horizontal external power.

AB - The sprint start lays a foundation to a good performance of track athletes. Thus, the aim was to understand the key force production determinants of the athletics sprint start. Eleven male athletes performed normal sprint starts with ground reaction forces collected at 1000 Hz from under each extremity separately. Key kinetic variables were analysed from six starts from each athlete and correlated with the horizontal external power. Several force and timing variables provided statistically significant correlations, but especially the high ratio of forces at 58.9 ± 3.5% with r = .941 (p = .000) demonstrated the importance of horizontal force production during the start. Better performers reached large forces on the blocks quicker, although it was interesting that the actual rate of force production did not statistically significantly correlate with the horizontal external power.

KW - forces

KW - Power

KW - sprinting

KW - track and field

KW - correlation

M3 - Chapter

VL - 1

SP - 895

EP - 898

BT - Proceedings of the 35th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports

A2 - Potthast, Wolfgang

A2 - Niehoff, Anja

A2 - David, Sina

PB - German Sport University

CY - Cologne, Germany

ER -