Kentish versus Snowy Plover: Phenotypic and genetic analyses of Charadrius alexandrinus reveal divergence of Eurasian and American subspecies

C Kupper, J Augustin, A Kosztolanyi, T Burke, J Figuerola, T Szekely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many shorebird species have widespread geographic distributions comprising several continents. Because shorebirds are excellent flyers and can migrate large distances, it is often unclear whether reproductive barriers between subspecies and populations from different continents exist. Kentish-Snowy Plovers (Charadrius alexandrinus) are cosmopolitan shorebirds. Whether the American and Eurasian subspecies-Snowy Plover and Kentish Plover, respectively-constitute a single species is the subject of a longstanding debate. We examined the divergence between American and Eurasian populations to reassess the current taxonomy by comparing genetic and phenotypic characters of the American subspecies C. a. nivosus and the Eurasian subspecies C. a. alexandrinus from seven populations. Genetic analyses revealed that American and Eurasian populations have strongly diverged, the Kentish Plover being more closely related to the White-fronted Plover (C. marginatus) than to the Snowy Plover. These results were consistent across all assessed nuclear markers (26 microsatellites and a partial CHD sequence) and two rnitochondrial markers (ND3 and ATPase 6/8). Within subspecies, populations sampled across large geographic distances were not genetically differentiated (all F-st
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-852
Number of pages14
JournalAuk
Volume126
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Charadrius alexandrinus
subspecies
divergence
wader
Charadriidae
adenosinetriphosphatase
geographical distribution
microsatellite repeats
taxonomy

Cite this

Kentish versus Snowy Plover: Phenotypic and genetic analyses of Charadrius alexandrinus reveal divergence of Eurasian and American subspecies. / Kupper, C; Augustin, J; Kosztolanyi, A; Burke, T; Figuerola, J; Szekely, T.

In: Auk, Vol. 126, No. 4, 2009, p. 839-852.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kupper, C ; Augustin, J ; Kosztolanyi, A ; Burke, T ; Figuerola, J ; Szekely, T. / Kentish versus Snowy Plover: Phenotypic and genetic analyses of Charadrius alexandrinus reveal divergence of Eurasian and American subspecies. In: Auk. 2009 ; Vol. 126, No. 4. pp. 839-852.
@article{47d0d3674f6346439935a6293f6a9c4c,
title = "Kentish versus Snowy Plover: Phenotypic and genetic analyses of Charadrius alexandrinus reveal divergence of Eurasian and American subspecies",
abstract = "Many shorebird species have widespread geographic distributions comprising several continents. Because shorebirds are excellent flyers and can migrate large distances, it is often unclear whether reproductive barriers between subspecies and populations from different continents exist. Kentish-Snowy Plovers (Charadrius alexandrinus) are cosmopolitan shorebirds. Whether the American and Eurasian subspecies-Snowy Plover and Kentish Plover, respectively-constitute a single species is the subject of a longstanding debate. We examined the divergence between American and Eurasian populations to reassess the current taxonomy by comparing genetic and phenotypic characters of the American subspecies C. a. nivosus and the Eurasian subspecies C. a. alexandrinus from seven populations. Genetic analyses revealed that American and Eurasian populations have strongly diverged, the Kentish Plover being more closely related to the White-fronted Plover (C. marginatus) than to the Snowy Plover. These results were consistent across all assessed nuclear markers (26 microsatellites and a partial CHD sequence) and two rnitochondrial markers (ND3 and ATPase 6/8). Within subspecies, populations sampled across large geographic distances were not genetically differentiated (all F-st",
author = "C Kupper and J Augustin and A Kosztolanyi and T Burke and J Figuerola and T Szekely",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1525/auk.2009.08174",
language = "English",
volume = "126",
pages = "839--852",
journal = "Auk",
issn = "0004-8038",
publisher = "Ornithological Societies of North America",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Kentish versus Snowy Plover: Phenotypic and genetic analyses of Charadrius alexandrinus reveal divergence of Eurasian and American subspecies

AU - Kupper, C

AU - Augustin, J

AU - Kosztolanyi, A

AU - Burke, T

AU - Figuerola, J

AU - Szekely, T

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Many shorebird species have widespread geographic distributions comprising several continents. Because shorebirds are excellent flyers and can migrate large distances, it is often unclear whether reproductive barriers between subspecies and populations from different continents exist. Kentish-Snowy Plovers (Charadrius alexandrinus) are cosmopolitan shorebirds. Whether the American and Eurasian subspecies-Snowy Plover and Kentish Plover, respectively-constitute a single species is the subject of a longstanding debate. We examined the divergence between American and Eurasian populations to reassess the current taxonomy by comparing genetic and phenotypic characters of the American subspecies C. a. nivosus and the Eurasian subspecies C. a. alexandrinus from seven populations. Genetic analyses revealed that American and Eurasian populations have strongly diverged, the Kentish Plover being more closely related to the White-fronted Plover (C. marginatus) than to the Snowy Plover. These results were consistent across all assessed nuclear markers (26 microsatellites and a partial CHD sequence) and two rnitochondrial markers (ND3 and ATPase 6/8). Within subspecies, populations sampled across large geographic distances were not genetically differentiated (all F-st

AB - Many shorebird species have widespread geographic distributions comprising several continents. Because shorebirds are excellent flyers and can migrate large distances, it is often unclear whether reproductive barriers between subspecies and populations from different continents exist. Kentish-Snowy Plovers (Charadrius alexandrinus) are cosmopolitan shorebirds. Whether the American and Eurasian subspecies-Snowy Plover and Kentish Plover, respectively-constitute a single species is the subject of a longstanding debate. We examined the divergence between American and Eurasian populations to reassess the current taxonomy by comparing genetic and phenotypic characters of the American subspecies C. a. nivosus and the Eurasian subspecies C. a. alexandrinus from seven populations. Genetic analyses revealed that American and Eurasian populations have strongly diverged, the Kentish Plover being more closely related to the White-fronted Plover (C. marginatus) than to the Snowy Plover. These results were consistent across all assessed nuclear markers (26 microsatellites and a partial CHD sequence) and two rnitochondrial markers (ND3 and ATPase 6/8). Within subspecies, populations sampled across large geographic distances were not genetically differentiated (all F-st

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=73449083783&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/auk.2009.08174

U2 - 10.1525/auk.2009.08174

DO - 10.1525/auk.2009.08174

M3 - Article

VL - 126

SP - 839

EP - 852

JO - Auk

JF - Auk

SN - 0004-8038

IS - 4

ER -