Keeping smoking affordable in higher tax environments via smoking thinner Roll-Your-Own cigarettes: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Four-Country Survey 2006-15

J Robert Branston, Ann McNeill, Anna Gilmore, Rosemary Hiscock, Timea R. Partos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Roll-Your-Own tobacco (RYO) use is increasingly popular in many countries: it is generally cheaper than factory made cigarettes (FM) and smokers can further reduce costs by adjusting the amount of tobacco in each cigarette. However, the level of risk of RYO compared with FM cigarettes is similar, and does not meaningfully change with cigarette weight. We assessed the weight of tobacco in RYO cigarettes across jurisdictions with differing tobacco taxes/prices and over time.

Method: Six waves of the International Tobacco Control 4-country longitudinal study of smokers and recent ex-smokers, providing 3,176 observations from exclusive RYO users covering 2006-15, are used to calculate the weight of tobacco used in RYO cigarettes in the USA, Canada, Australia, and the UK. Multilevel regression analyses were used to compare weights across countries, socio-demographic factors, and over time.

Results: Smokers in the UK and Australia, where tobacco is relatively expensive, show higher levels of exclusive RYO use (25.8% and 13.8% respectively) and lower mean weights of tobacco per RYO cigarette (0.51g(sd 0.32g) and 0.53g(0.28g)), compared with both Canada and especially the USA (6.0% and 3.5%, and 0.76g(0.45g) and 1.07g(0.51g)). Smokers in the UK and Australia also exhibited a statistically significant year-on-year decrease in the mean weight of each RYO cigarette.

Conclusions: Taxation of RYO should increase considerably in the UK and Australia, so that RYO and FM cigarettes are taxed equivalently to reduce RYO attractiveness and inequalities. Other measures to reduce the price differentials, including taxing RYO solely on weight, are also discussed.
LanguageEnglish
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
StatusAccepted/In press - 27 Jul 2018

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Tobacco
Taxation
Tobacco Products
Smoking
Weights and Measures
Surveys and Questionnaires
Industrial plants
Taxes
Tobacco Use
Canada
Multilevel Analysis

Keywords

  • Tobacco
  • Roll-Your-Own
  • Hand-Rolled
  • Taxation
  • Weight
  • ITC

Cite this

@article{0d58c3929b7c4144bfc4a193465aecae,
title = "Keeping smoking affordable in higher tax environments via smoking thinner Roll-Your-Own cigarettes: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Four-Country Survey 2006-15",
abstract = "Background: Roll-Your-Own tobacco (RYO) use is increasingly popular in many countries: it is generally cheaper than factory made cigarettes (FM) and smokers can further reduce costs by adjusting the amount of tobacco in each cigarette. However, the level of risk of RYO compared with FM cigarettes is similar, and does not meaningfully change with cigarette weight. We assessed the weight of tobacco in RYO cigarettes across jurisdictions with differing tobacco taxes/prices and over time. Method: Six waves of the International Tobacco Control 4-country longitudinal study of smokers and recent ex-smokers, providing 3,176 observations from exclusive RYO users covering 2006-15, are used to calculate the weight of tobacco used in RYO cigarettes in the USA, Canada, Australia, and the UK. Multilevel regression analyses were used to compare weights across countries, socio-demographic factors, and over time. Results: Smokers in the UK and Australia, where tobacco is relatively expensive, show higher levels of exclusive RYO use (25.8{\%} and 13.8{\%} respectively) and lower mean weights of tobacco per RYO cigarette (0.51g(sd 0.32g) and 0.53g(0.28g)), compared with both Canada and especially the USA (6.0{\%} and 3.5{\%}, and 0.76g(0.45g) and 1.07g(0.51g)). Smokers in the UK and Australia also exhibited a statistically significant year-on-year decrease in the mean weight of each RYO cigarette. Conclusions: Taxation of RYO should increase considerably in the UK and Australia, so that RYO and FM cigarettes are taxed equivalently to reduce RYO attractiveness and inequalities. Other measures to reduce the price differentials, including taxing RYO solely on weight, are also discussed.",
keywords = "Tobacco, Roll-Your-Own, Hand-Rolled, Taxation, Weight, ITC",
author = "Branston, {J Robert} and Ann McNeill and Anna Gilmore and Rosemary Hiscock and Partos, {Timea R.}",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "27",
language = "English",
journal = "Drug and Alcohol Dependence",
issn = "0376-8716",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Keeping smoking affordable in higher tax environments via smoking thinner Roll-Your-Own cigarettes: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Four-Country Survey 2006-15

AU - Branston,J Robert

AU - McNeill,Ann

AU - Gilmore,Anna

AU - Hiscock,Rosemary

AU - Partos,Timea R.

PY - 2018/7/27

Y1 - 2018/7/27

N2 - Background: Roll-Your-Own tobacco (RYO) use is increasingly popular in many countries: it is generally cheaper than factory made cigarettes (FM) and smokers can further reduce costs by adjusting the amount of tobacco in each cigarette. However, the level of risk of RYO compared with FM cigarettes is similar, and does not meaningfully change with cigarette weight. We assessed the weight of tobacco in RYO cigarettes across jurisdictions with differing tobacco taxes/prices and over time. Method: Six waves of the International Tobacco Control 4-country longitudinal study of smokers and recent ex-smokers, providing 3,176 observations from exclusive RYO users covering 2006-15, are used to calculate the weight of tobacco used in RYO cigarettes in the USA, Canada, Australia, and the UK. Multilevel regression analyses were used to compare weights across countries, socio-demographic factors, and over time. Results: Smokers in the UK and Australia, where tobacco is relatively expensive, show higher levels of exclusive RYO use (25.8% and 13.8% respectively) and lower mean weights of tobacco per RYO cigarette (0.51g(sd 0.32g) and 0.53g(0.28g)), compared with both Canada and especially the USA (6.0% and 3.5%, and 0.76g(0.45g) and 1.07g(0.51g)). Smokers in the UK and Australia also exhibited a statistically significant year-on-year decrease in the mean weight of each RYO cigarette. Conclusions: Taxation of RYO should increase considerably in the UK and Australia, so that RYO and FM cigarettes are taxed equivalently to reduce RYO attractiveness and inequalities. Other measures to reduce the price differentials, including taxing RYO solely on weight, are also discussed.

AB - Background: Roll-Your-Own tobacco (RYO) use is increasingly popular in many countries: it is generally cheaper than factory made cigarettes (FM) and smokers can further reduce costs by adjusting the amount of tobacco in each cigarette. However, the level of risk of RYO compared with FM cigarettes is similar, and does not meaningfully change with cigarette weight. We assessed the weight of tobacco in RYO cigarettes across jurisdictions with differing tobacco taxes/prices and over time. Method: Six waves of the International Tobacco Control 4-country longitudinal study of smokers and recent ex-smokers, providing 3,176 observations from exclusive RYO users covering 2006-15, are used to calculate the weight of tobacco used in RYO cigarettes in the USA, Canada, Australia, and the UK. Multilevel regression analyses were used to compare weights across countries, socio-demographic factors, and over time. Results: Smokers in the UK and Australia, where tobacco is relatively expensive, show higher levels of exclusive RYO use (25.8% and 13.8% respectively) and lower mean weights of tobacco per RYO cigarette (0.51g(sd 0.32g) and 0.53g(0.28g)), compared with both Canada and especially the USA (6.0% and 3.5%, and 0.76g(0.45g) and 1.07g(0.51g)). Smokers in the UK and Australia also exhibited a statistically significant year-on-year decrease in the mean weight of each RYO cigarette. Conclusions: Taxation of RYO should increase considerably in the UK and Australia, so that RYO and FM cigarettes are taxed equivalently to reduce RYO attractiveness and inequalities. Other measures to reduce the price differentials, including taxing RYO solely on weight, are also discussed.

KW - Tobacco

KW - Roll-Your-Own

KW - Hand-Rolled

KW - Taxation

KW - Weight

KW - ITC

M3 - Article

JO - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

T2 - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

JF - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

SN - 0376-8716

ER -