Juvenile versus adult-onset ankylosing spondylitis -- clinical, radiographic, and social outcomes. a systematic review

Deepak R Jadon, Athimalaipet V Ramanan, Raj Sengupta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) has 2 main modes of onset: juvenile-onset AS (JoAS) and adult-onset AS (AoAS). It is not known whether JoAS is a subtype of AS, or AS modulated by early age of onset and longer disease duration. We performed a systematic review of the literature, identifying 12 articles and 1 abstract directly comparing JoAS and AoAS cohorts, with observational study design. Patients with JoAS appear to have more peripheral joint involvement both clinically and radiographically (especially knees and ankles) and more root joint involvement (hips and shoulders); they are more likely to proceed to hip arthroplasty and often initially present with peripheral rather than axial symptoms. Patients with AoAS appear to have more axial symptoms and radiographic disease, particularly in the lumbar spine, and worse axial metrology. In terms of other characteristics, more evidence is needed to confidently state whether JoAS and AoAS are different.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1797-805
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Rheumatology
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Age Factors
  • Age of Onset
  • Disease Progression
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Radiography
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing
  • Journal Article
  • Review

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