Judgment in Business and Management Research: Shedding New Light on a Familiar Concept

Haridimos Tsoukas, Demetris Hadjimichael, Anup Nair, Igor Pyrko, Sarah Wooley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Judgment is an important concept in Business and Management Research, related to several subfields, ranging from staff appraisal and entrepreneurship to strategic decision making and business ethics. The popularity of the concept has given rise to a diversity of understandings, which, in some instances, lack theoretical precision or conceptual clarity. Our review offers a comprehensive overview and consolidates existing research on judgment in business and management research by identifying three perspectives: variance, prediction, wisdom. We show how these perspectives converge by highlighting shared characteristics of judgment, such as it being evaluative, personal and key to coping with uncertainty. In addition, our theoretical synthesis demonstrates how the three perspectives diverge along four central characteristics – theoretical inspiration, purpose, onto-epistemological orientation, and mode of reasoning – that shape how judgment is conceptualized and operationalized in business and management research. By developing a theoretical platform that configures judgment research into three distinct perspectives, our review opens up pathways for assessing the conceptual coherence and methodological implications of each perspective. Building on the latter, we explore how the three perspectives can complement each other and conclude by proposing future directions for the advancement of judgment research.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages44
JournalAcademy of Management Annals
Early online date4 Jun 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Jun 2024


  • judgement
  • cognition
  • ethics
  • decision making
  • leadership
  • organisation


Dive into the research topics of 'Judgment in Business and Management Research: Shedding New Light on a Familiar Concept'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this