It's Good to be First: Order Bias in Reading and Citing NBER Working Papers.

Dan Feenberg, Ina Ganguli, Patrick Gaule, Jonathan Gruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


When choices are made from ordered lists, individuals can exhibit biases toward selecting certain options as a result of the ordering. We examine this phenomenon in the context of consumer response to the ordering of economics papers in an e-mail announcement issued by the NBER. We show that despite the effectively random list placement, papers listed first each week are about 30% more likely to be viewed, downloaded, and subsequently cited. We suggest that a model of “skimming” behavior, where individuals focus on the first few papers in the list due to time constraints, would be most consistent with our findings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-39
Number of pages7
JournalReview of Economics and Statistics
Issue number1
Early online date23 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017


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