Isolation and identification of yeasts and filamentous fungi from yoghurts in Brazil

S R Moreira, R F Schwan, E P de Carvalho, A E Wheals

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35 Citations (SciVal)


Seventy-two cartons of yoghurt were sampled three times at monthly intervals from four different local manufacturers. Total counts were close to 6 x 10(7) cells g(-1) of yoghurt. Yeast counts varied from 1 to 2,700 g(-1). There was no evidence of systematic contamination at source but this longitudinal study revealed that ad hoc contamination and improper storage led to the higher yeast counts. Contamination was generally higher in the hotter months but was lower overall than reported from other countries. A total of 577 yeast isolates were identified belonging to ten species. The most abundant yeasts were, in order, Debaryomyces hansenii, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Mrakia frigida, Hansenula spp., Candida parapsilosis, Debaryomyces castellii and Candida maltosa. The psychrophilic yeast Mrakia frigida is reported for the first time in yoghurts. Low level contamination with Monolia and Penicillium species was found in a few samples. Growth tests suggested that ability to ferment sucrose, growth at PC and in the presence of 3 00 mug g(-1) sorbate preservative, were the three most significant physiological properties to account for these yeasts in yoghurts. The data also suggest that warmer weather and inadequate refrigeration are the principal causes of higher levels of contamination, increased diversity and change in microbial flora.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
JournalBrazilian Journal of Microbiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2001

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ID number: ISI:000177016100010


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