Is There Really Granger Causality Between Energy Use and Output?

Stephan B. Bruns, Christian Gross, David I. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (SciVal)
447 Downloads (Pure)


We carry out a meta-analysis of the very large literature on testing for Granger causality between energy use and economic output to determine if there is a genuine effect in this literature or whether the large number of apparently significant results is due to publication or misspecification bias. Our model extends the standard meta-regression model for detecting genuine effects in the presence of publication biases using the statistical power trace by controlling for the tendency to over-fit vector autoregression models in small samples. Granger causality tests in these over-fitted models have inflated type I errors. We cannot find a genuine causal effect in the literature as a whole. However, there is a robust genuine effect from output to energy use when energy prices are controlled for.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-134
Number of pages34
JournalEnergy Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Is There Really Granger Causality Between Energy Use and Output?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this