Is the US outperforming Europe in university technology licensing? A new perspective on the European Paradox

Annamaria Conti, Patrick Gaule

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Europe is perceived to be lagging behind the US in converting its academic results into economic outcomes. Using new survey data on European and US technology transfer offices (TTOs), we find that differences in academic research, TTO staff and experience explain to a great extent the gap between the US and Europe in terms of the number of license agreements concluded. However, these factors account for only part of the difference in license income. We relate the difference in licensing income to differences in the organization and staffing of TTOs. Our analysis reveals that US TTOs do not attach more importance to generating revenue as an objective than their European counterparts. However, they employ more staff with experience in industry which explains some of the remaining differential in license income performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-135
Number of pages13
JournalResearch Policy
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Fingerprint

Technology transfer
Economics
Paradox
Technology transfer office
Technology licensing
License
Income
Industry
Staff

Keywords

  • European Paradox
  • Technology licensing
  • Technology transfer
  • University

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research

Cite this

Is the US outperforming Europe in university technology licensing? A new perspective on the European Paradox. / Conti, Annamaria; Gaule, Patrick.

In: Research Policy, Vol. 40, No. 1, 02.2011, p. 123-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{52d9b131dffe4acfa6f1c95d28ad15d2,
title = "Is the US outperforming Europe in university technology licensing? A new perspective on the European Paradox",
abstract = "Europe is perceived to be lagging behind the US in converting its academic results into economic outcomes. Using new survey data on European and US technology transfer offices (TTOs), we find that differences in academic research, TTO staff and experience explain to a great extent the gap between the US and Europe in terms of the number of license agreements concluded. However, these factors account for only part of the difference in license income. We relate the difference in licensing income to differences in the organization and staffing of TTOs. Our analysis reveals that US TTOs do not attach more importance to generating revenue as an objective than their European counterparts. However, they employ more staff with experience in industry which explains some of the remaining differential in license income performance.",
keywords = "European Paradox, Technology licensing, Technology transfer, University",
author = "Annamaria Conti and Patrick Gaule",
year = "2011",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.respol.2010.10.007",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "123--135",
journal = "Research Policy",
issn = "0048-7333",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is the US outperforming Europe in university technology licensing? A new perspective on the European Paradox

AU - Conti, Annamaria

AU - Gaule, Patrick

PY - 2011/2

Y1 - 2011/2

N2 - Europe is perceived to be lagging behind the US in converting its academic results into economic outcomes. Using new survey data on European and US technology transfer offices (TTOs), we find that differences in academic research, TTO staff and experience explain to a great extent the gap between the US and Europe in terms of the number of license agreements concluded. However, these factors account for only part of the difference in license income. We relate the difference in licensing income to differences in the organization and staffing of TTOs. Our analysis reveals that US TTOs do not attach more importance to generating revenue as an objective than their European counterparts. However, they employ more staff with experience in industry which explains some of the remaining differential in license income performance.

AB - Europe is perceived to be lagging behind the US in converting its academic results into economic outcomes. Using new survey data on European and US technology transfer offices (TTOs), we find that differences in academic research, TTO staff and experience explain to a great extent the gap between the US and Europe in terms of the number of license agreements concluded. However, these factors account for only part of the difference in license income. We relate the difference in licensing income to differences in the organization and staffing of TTOs. Our analysis reveals that US TTOs do not attach more importance to generating revenue as an objective than their European counterparts. However, they employ more staff with experience in industry which explains some of the remaining differential in license income performance.

KW - European Paradox

KW - Technology licensing

KW - Technology transfer

KW - University

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650698260&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.10.007

U2 - 10.1016/j.respol.2010.10.007

DO - 10.1016/j.respol.2010.10.007

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 123

EP - 135

JO - Research Policy

JF - Research Policy

SN - 0048-7333

IS - 1

ER -