Is the US outperforming Europe in university technology licensing? A new perspective on the European Paradox

Annamaria Conti, Patrick Gaule

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Europe is perceived to be lagging behind the US in converting its academic results into economic outcomes. Using new survey data on European and US technology transfer offices (TTOs), we find that differences in academic research, TTO staff and experience explain to a great extent the gap between the US and Europe in terms of the number of license agreements concluded. However, these factors account for only part of the difference in license income. We relate the difference in licensing income to differences in the organization and staffing of TTOs. Our analysis reveals that US TTOs do not attach more importance to generating revenue as an objective than their European counterparts. However, they employ more staff with experience in industry which explains some of the remaining differential in license income performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-135
Number of pages13
JournalResearch Policy
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • European Paradox
  • Technology licensing
  • Technology transfer
  • University

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Is the US outperforming Europe in university technology licensing? A new perspective on the European Paradox'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this