Irreversible magnetization switching at the onset of superconductivity in a superconductor ferromagnet hybrid

P. J. Curran, J. Kim, N. Satchell, J. D S Witt, G. Burnell, M. G. Flokstra, S. L. Lee, J. F K Cooper, C. J. Kinane, S. Langridge, A. Isidori, N. Pugach, M. Eschrig, S. J. Bending

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Abstract

We demonstrate that the magnetic state of a superconducting spin valve, that is normally controlled with an external magnetic field, can also be manipulated by varying the temperature which increases the functionality and flexibility of such structures as switching elements. In this case, switching is driven by changes in the magnetostatic energy due to spontaneous Meissner screening currents forming in the superconductor below the critical temperature. Our scanning Hall probe measurements also reveal vortex-mediated pinning of the ferromagnetic domain structure due to the pinning of quantized stray fields in the adjacent superconductor. The ability to use temperature as well as magnetic field to control the local magnetisation structure raises the prospect of potential applications in magnetic memory devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number262602
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume107
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2015

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superconductivity
magnetic storage
switching circuits
magnetization
magnetostatics
magnetic fields
critical temperature
flexibility
temperature distribution
screening
vortices
scanning
probes
temperature
energy

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Irreversible magnetization switching at the onset of superconductivity in a superconductor ferromagnet hybrid. / Curran, P. J.; Kim, J.; Satchell, N.; Witt, J. D S; Burnell, G.; Flokstra, M. G.; Lee, S. L.; Cooper, J. F K; Kinane, C. J.; Langridge, S.; Isidori, A.; Pugach, N.; Eschrig, M.; Bending, S. J.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 107, No. 26, 262602, 28.12.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Curran, PJ, Kim, J, Satchell, N, Witt, JDS, Burnell, G, Flokstra, MG, Lee, SL, Cooper, JFK, Kinane, CJ, Langridge, S, Isidori, A, Pugach, N, Eschrig, M & Bending, SJ 2015, 'Irreversible magnetization switching at the onset of superconductivity in a superconductor ferromagnet hybrid', Applied Physics Letters, vol. 107, no. 26, 262602. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4938467
Curran, P. J. ; Kim, J. ; Satchell, N. ; Witt, J. D S ; Burnell, G. ; Flokstra, M. G. ; Lee, S. L. ; Cooper, J. F K ; Kinane, C. J. ; Langridge, S. ; Isidori, A. ; Pugach, N. ; Eschrig, M. ; Bending, S. J. / Irreversible magnetization switching at the onset of superconductivity in a superconductor ferromagnet hybrid. In: Applied Physics Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 107, No. 26.
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abstract = "We demonstrate that the magnetic state of a superconducting spin valve, that is normally controlled with an external magnetic field, can also be manipulated by varying the temperature which increases the functionality and flexibility of such structures as switching elements. In this case, switching is driven by changes in the magnetostatic energy due to spontaneous Meissner screening currents forming in the superconductor below the critical temperature. Our scanning Hall probe measurements also reveal vortex-mediated pinning of the ferromagnetic domain structure due to the pinning of quantized stray fields in the adjacent superconductor. The ability to use temperature as well as magnetic field to control the local magnetisation structure raises the prospect of potential applications in magnetic memory devices.",
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AU - Flokstra, M. G.

AU - Lee, S. L.

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AU - Bending, S. J.

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