Ionospheric imaging in Africa

Alex T. Chartier, Joe Kinrade, Cathryn N. Mitchell, Julian A. R. Rose, David R. Jackson, Pierre Cilliers, John-Bosco Habarulema, Zama Katamzi, Lee-Anne McKinnell, Tshimangadzo Matamba, Ben Opperman, Nicholas Ssessanga, Nigussie Mezgebe Giday, Vumile Tyalimpi, Giorgiana De Franceschi, Vincenzo Romano, Carlo Scotto, Riccardo Notarpietro, Fabio Dovis, Eugene AvenantRichard Wonnacott, Elijah Oyeyemi, Ayman Mahrous, Gizaw Mengistu Tsidu, Harvey Lekamisy, Joseph Ouko Olwendo, Patrick Sibanda, Tsegaye Kassa Gogie, Babatunde Rabiu, Kees De Jong, Adekola Adewale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)
81 Downloads (Pure)


Accurate ionospheric specification is necessary for improving human activities such as radar detection, navigation, and Earth observation. This is of particular importance in Africa, where strong plasma density gradients exist due to the equatorial ionization anomaly. In this paper the accuracy of three-dimensional ionospheric images is assessed over a 2 week test period (2-16 December 2012). These images are produced using differential Global Positioning System (GPS) slant total electron content observations and a time-dependent tomography algorithm. The test period is selected to coincide with a period of increased GPS data availability from the African Geodetic Reference Frame (AFREF) project. A simulation approach that includes the addition of realistic errors is employed in order to provide a ground truth. Results show that the inclusion of observations from the AFREF archive significantly reduces ionospheric specification errors across the African sector, especially in regions that are poorly served by the permanent network of GPS receivers. The permanent network could be improved by adding extra sites and by reducing the number of service outages that affect the existing sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalRadio Science
Issue number1
Early online date11 Dec 2013
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Ionospheric imaging in Africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this