Ionic transport in hybrid lead iodide perovskite solar cells

Christopher Eames, Jarvist M. Frost, Piers R. F. Barnes, Brian C. O’regan, Aron Walsh, M. Saiful Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Solar cells based on organic–inorganic halide perovskites have recently shown rapidly rising power conversion efficiencies, but exhibit unusual behaviour such as current–voltage hysteresis and a low-frequency giant dielectric response. Ionic transport has been suggested to be an important factor contributing to these effects; however, the chemical origin of this transport and the mobile species are unclear. Here, the activation energies for ionic migration in methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) are derived from first principles, and are compared with kinetic data extracted from the current–voltage response of a perovskite-based solar cell. We identify the microscopic transport mechanisms, and find facile vacancy-assisted migration of iodide ions with an activation energy of 0.6 eV, in good agreement with the kinetic measurements. The results of this combined computational and experimental study suggest that hybrid halide perovskites are mixed ionic–electronic conductors, a finding that has major implications for solar cell device architectures.
LanguageEnglish
Article number7497
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
DOIs
StatusPublished - 24 Jun 2015

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Iodides
iodides
Solar cells
solar cells
perovskites
halides
Activation energy
activation energy
Kinetics
kinetics
Electric potential
electric potential
Conversion efficiency
Vacancies
Hysteresis
conductors
hysteresis
Ions
low frequencies
Equipment and Supplies

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Eames, C., Frost, J. M., Barnes, P. R. F., O’regan, B. C., Walsh, A., & Islam, M. S. (2015). Ionic transport in hybrid lead iodide perovskite solar cells. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8497

Ionic transport in hybrid lead iodide perovskite solar cells. / Eames, Christopher; Frost, Jarvist M.; Barnes, Piers R. F.; O’regan, Brian C.; Walsh, Aron; Islam, M. Saiful.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 6, 7497, 24.06.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eames, C, Frost, JM, Barnes, PRF, O’regan, BC, Walsh, A & Islam, MS 2015, 'Ionic transport in hybrid lead iodide perovskite solar cells' Nature Communications, vol. 6, 7497. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8497
Eames C, Frost JM, Barnes PRF, O’regan BC, Walsh A, Islam MS. Ionic transport in hybrid lead iodide perovskite solar cells. Nature Communications. 2015 Jun 24;6. 7497. Available from, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8497
Eames, Christopher ; Frost, Jarvist M. ; Barnes, Piers R. F. ; O’regan, Brian C. ; Walsh, Aron ; Islam, M. Saiful. / Ionic transport in hybrid lead iodide perovskite solar cells. In: Nature Communications. 2015 ; Vol. 6.
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