Previous work has suggested that adenosine may be involved in ethanol-induced heterologous desensitization of adenylate cyclase in NG108-15 cells. It was proposed that chronic ethanol causes adenosine to accumulate extracellularly, activating adenosine A2 receptors and so leading to a reduction in Gs alpha mRNA and Gs alpha protein (Nagy et al., 1989). In this study we further investigated the effect of chronic ethanol on G-protein expression in NG108-15 cells. Pretreatment of NG108-15 cells with ethanol (200 mM, 48h) reduced membrane levels of Gs alpha and Gi alpha but increased Go alpha expression. The effects of ethanol on alpha-subunit expression were not reversed by adenosine deaminase and could not be mimicked by the adenosine agonist 5'- (n-ethyl)-carboxamidoadenosine (NECA). Chronic ethanol pretreatment did not appear to reduce the levels of Gs alpha or Gi alpha 2 mRNA. This same ethanol pretreatment reduced cell proliferation and increased differentiation without altering cell viability. Adenosine deaminase did not reverse any of these effects. These results indicate that ethanol differentially regulates G-protein alpha-subunit expression and induces morphological alterations in these cells independently of extracellular adenosine.
|Number of pages
|Alcohol and Alcoholism: Supplement
|Published - 1993