The Hoffmann test (reaction of a racemic organolithium with a phenylalanine-derived aldehyde) is used to show that lithiated diphenylphosphine oxides are not configurationally stable in THF at -78°C (usual reaction conditions) on the timescale of their rate of reaction with the aldehyde. The test is carried out by reacting lithiated ethyldiphenylphosphine oxide with a phenylalanine-derived aldehyde and because all four diastereoisomeric alcohols are obtained, it is necessary to determine the relative stereochemistry of the products. This is done using a combination of synthesis and X-ray crystallography of (2S*,3S*,4R*)-2-(N,N-dibenzylamino)-4-diphenylphosphinoyl-1- phenylpentan-3-ol and(2S*,4S*)-2-(N,N-dibenzylamino)-2-diphenylphosphinoyl-1- phenylpentan-3-one.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society - Perkin Transactions 1|
|Publication status||Published - 7 Apr 1997|
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