This paper analyzes the unique nonlinear characteristics of a high-speed drive circuit for proportional solenoid, i.e., the inverse discharging drive circuit (IDDC), which has a faster discharging speed than a traditional drive circuit. The experimental results clearly show the piecewise nonlinear relationship between the current and the pulse-width modulation (PWM) duty ratio of the control signal of the IDDC. The mathematical model of the IDDC working processes in one PWM period is constructed in detail to analyze the IDDC nonlinear characteristics. The computational equations of the significant nonlinear features, including the critical PWM duty ratio, the steady-state current, the amplitude of the current oscillation, and the response time of the circuit, are deduced through algebraic analyses, which are verified by a comparison between the experimental and calculated results. These analyses aid the design and control of a solenoid drive circuit for a hydraulic proportional valve. Finally, a modified PI controller that considers the nonlinear characteristics of the IDDC is designed, and the experimental results show that the designed controller significantly improves the response speed of the solenoid current.
- drive circuit
- pulse width modulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Investigation into the Nonlinear Characteristics of a High-Speed Drive Circuit for a Proportional Solenoid Controlled by a PWM Signal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- Department of Mechanical Engineering - Reader
- Institute for Mathematical Innovation (IMI)
- Centre for Digital, Manufacturing & Design (dMaDe)
- EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Advanced Automotive Propulsion Systems (AAPS CDT)
- Institute for Advanced Automotive Propulsion Systems (IAAPS)
Person: Research & Teaching, Core staff, Affiliate staff