Intralimb joint coordination patterns of the lower extremity in maximal velocity phase sprint running

M J R Gittoes, Cassie Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to develop insight into the lower extremity joint coupling motions used in the maximal velocity phase of sprint running. Two-dimensional coordinate data were used to derive sagittal plane joint angle profiles of sprint running trials. Intralimb joint coupling motions were examined using a continuous relative phase (CRP) analysis. The knee-ankle (KA) coupling was more out of phase compared with the hip-knee (HK) coupling across the step phase (mean CRP: KA 89.9°; HK 34.2° ) and produced a lower within-athlete CRP variability (VCRP) in stance. Touchdown (TD) produced more out-of-phase motions and a larger VCRP than toe-off. A destabilization of the lower extremity coordination pattern was considered necessary at TD to allow for the swing-to-stance transition. The key role that the KA joint motion has in the movement patterns used by healthy athletes in the maximal velocity phase of sprint running was highlighted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-195
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
Volume26
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

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