Interrelation of the Environment of Lyα Emitters and Massive Galaxies at 2 < z < 4.5

Kei Ito, Nobunari Kashikawa, Masayuki Tanaka, Mariko Kubo, Yongming Liang, Jun Toshikawa, Hisakazu Uchiyama, Rikako Ishimoto, Takehiro Yoshioka, Yoshihiro Takeda

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Abstract

We present a comparison of the spatial distributions of Lyα emitters (LAEs) and massive star-forming and quiescent galaxies (SFGs and QGs) at 2 < z < 4.5. We use the photometric redshift catalog to select SFGs and QGs and an LAE catalog from intermediate/narrow bands obtained from the Subaru Telescope and Isaac Newton Telescope in the Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS). We derive the auto-/cross-correlation signals of SFGs, QGs, and LAEs and the galaxy overdensity distributions at the position of them. Whereas the cross-correlation signals of SFGs and QGs are explained solely by their halo mass differences, those of SFGs and LAEs are significantly lower than those expected from their autocorrelation signals, suggesting that some additional physical processes are segregating these two populations. Such segregation of SFGs and LAEs becomes stronger for rest-frame ultraviolet faint LAEs (M UV > -20). From the overdensity distributions, LAEs are located in less dense regions than SFGs and QGs, whereas SFGs and QGs tend to be in the same overdensity distributions. The different spatial distributions of LAEs compared to those of massive galaxies may be attributed to assembly bias or large amounts of neutral hydrogen gas associated with massive halos. These results reinforce the importance of exploring multiple galaxy populations in quantifying the intrinsic galaxy environment of the high-z universe.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume916
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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