International Mindedness in Practice: The Evidence from International Baccalaureate Schools

Elisabeth Barratt Hacking, Chloe Blackmore, Kathleen Bullock, Tristan Bunnell, Michael Donnelly, Susan Martin

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International Mindedness is an overarching construct related to multilingualism, intercultural understanding and global engagement (Hill, 2012). The concept is central to the International Baccalaureate (IB) and sits at the heart of its education policies and programmes. The aim of this research study was to examine systematically how schools offering International Baccalaureate programmes (so-called IB World Schools) conceptualise, develop, assess and evaluate International Mindedness (IM), and to understand related challenges and problems, with a view to improving practice in schools. Nine case study schools, identified as being strongly engaged with IM, were selected for in-depth scrutiny of their practice and thinking related to IM. Conclusions from this study will also inform on-going debate on other similar global initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-16
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Research in International Education
Issue number1
Early online date30 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • Critical Global Citizenship Education
  • International Baccalaureate
  • International Mindedness
  • promising practice
  • stakeholder perspectives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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