International examinations: the new credentialism and reproduction of advantage in a globalising world

John Lowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)


International examinations are increasingly being used by local lites to reproduce their advantage in the face of growing educational competition and the changing economic order associated with globalisation and 'post-Fordism'. Evidence from opportunity samples of students taking these examinations in five countries suggests how this may be working in practice. The evidence indicates that the patterns of use are various and are influenced both by local educational cultures and by broader considerations of location in relation to global economic 'cores'. International credentials bring a qualitatively new dimension to the issue of credentialism and credential inflation as they exclude the majority from participation in the new competition for access to the most advantageous occupational opportunities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-377
Number of pages15
JournalAssessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2000


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