Interhemispheric structure and variability of the 5-day planetary wave from meteor radar wind measurements

H. Iimura, D. C. Fritts, D. Janches, W. Singer, N. J. Mitchell

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A study of the quasi-5-day wave (5DW) was performed using meteor radars at conjugate latitudes in the Northern and Southern hemispheres. These radars are located at Esrange, Sweden (68° N) and Juliusruh, Germany (55° N) in the Northern Hemisphere, and at Tierra del Fuego, Argentina (54° S) and Rothera Station, Antarctica (68° S) in the Southern Hemisphere. The analysis was performed using data collected during simultaneous measurements by the four radars from June 2010 to December 2012 at altitudes from 84 to 96 km. The 5DW was found to exhibit significant short-term, seasonal, and interannual variability at all sites. Typical events had planetary wave periods that ranged between 4 and 7 days, durations of only a few cycles, and infrequent strongly peaked variances and covariances. Winds exhibited rotary structures that varied strongly among sites and between events, and maximum amplitudes up to ~ 20 m sg-1. Mean horizontal velocity covariances tended to be largely negative at all sites throughout the interval studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1349-1359
Number of pages11
JournalAnnales Geophysicae
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2015


  • Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (Middle atmosphere dynamics)


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