Covalently grafted Kolliphor®EL (a poly-ethylene-glycol based "transporter molecule" for hydrophobic water-insoluble drugs; MW ca. 2486; diameter ca. 3-5 nm) at the surface of a glassy carbon electrode strongly affects the rate of electron transfer for aqueous redox systems such as Fe(CN)63-/4-. XPS data confirm mono-layer grafting after electrochemical anodisation in pure Kolliphor®EL. Based on voltammetry and impedance measurements, the charge transfer process for the Fe(CN)63-/4- probe molecule is completely blocked after Kolliphor®EL grafting and in the absence of a "guest". However, in the presence of low concentrations of suitable ferrocene derivatives as "guests", mediated electron transfer across the mono-layer via a "shuttle mechanism" is observed. The resulting amplification of the ferrocene electroanalytical signal is investigated systematically and compared for 5 ferrocene derivatives. The low concentration electron shuttle efficiency decreases in the sequence dimethylaminomethyl-ferrocene > n-butyl-ferrocene > ferrocene-dimethanol > ferrocene-acetonitrile > ferrocene-acetic acid.
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- Department of Chemistry - Professor
- Institute for Sustainable Energy and the Environment
- Centre for Sustainable and Circular Technologies (CSCT)
- EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Statistical Applied Mathematics (SAMBa)
- Water Innovation and Research Centre (WIRC)
- Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
- Centre for Biosensors, Bioelectronics and Biodevices (C3Bio)
Person: Research & Teaching