Interaction of Quasi-Two-Dimensional Vortical Gusts with Airfoils, Unswept and Swept Wings

Yuanzhi Qian, Zhijin Wang, Ismet Gursul

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3 Citations (SciVal)


A nearly two-dimensional vortex of small core size has been produced by the transient plunging motion of an upstream airfoil and it interacted with the downstream wings. Depending on the offset distance of the vortex and wing angle of attack, the incident vortex filament deforms, diffuses, and loses coherence, while inducing leading-edge vortex formation and shedding from the wing. No significant spanwise flow develops in the incident vortices during the interaction. The interaction with the swept wing at each spanwise plane appears to be unaffected by the other spanwise planes. The counter-clockwise vortex induces a positive lift peak as it approaches the wing, which can be predicted by the potential flow assumption. The peak lift force is proportional to the circulation of the incident vortex and has its maximum near the zero-offset distance. The minimum lift coefficient is reached after the vortex has just passed and caused flow separation on the lower surface. The maximum lift coefficients for the finite unswept and swept wings can be estimated by making a correction for the aspect ratio and using the independence principle. The only exception is observed for the swept wing at a post-stall angle of attack for which the leading-edge vortex shedding becomes parallel to the leading-edge and increases the peak lift force. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number124
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Issue number8
Early online date3 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) strategic equipment Grant No. EP/K040391/1.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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