Interaction energy of domain walls in a nonlocal Ginzburg-Landau type model from micromagnetics

Radu Ignat, Roger Moser

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We study a variational model from micromagnetics involving a nonlocal Ginzburg-Landau type energy for S1-valued vector fields. These vector fields form domain walls, called Néel walls, that correspond to one-dimensional transitions between two directions within the unit circle S1. Due to the nonlocality of the energy, a Néel wall is a two length scale object, comprising a core and two logarithmically decaying tails. Our aim is to determine the energy differences leading to repulsion or attraction between Néel walls. In contrast to the usual Ginzburg-Landau vortices, we obtain a renormalised energy for Néel walls that shows both a tail-tail interaction and a core-tail interaction. This is a novel feature for Ginzburg-Landau type energies that entails attraction between Néel walls of the same sign and repulsion between Néel walls of opposite signs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-485
Number of pages67
JournalArchive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
Issue number1
Early online date22 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016


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