This paper presents results on a detailed comparative study of 2–2 relaxor-ferroelectric single crystal / polymer composites. Examples of the hydrostatic piezoelectric performance are discussed for 2–2 composites based on [011]-poled Mn-modified 0.26Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)·O3−0.42Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.32PbTiO3 single crystals at a molar Mn concentration in the range of 1–5 mol. %. The high piezoelectric activity of these single crystals and rotations of the main crystallographic axes in the single-crystal layers of the composite lead to large values of hydrostatic piezoelectric coefficients , and , squared figure of merit , and electromechanical coupling factor . A rotation mode that leads to a weakening the piezoelectric activity related to the piezoelectric coefficient d32 < 0 is important to achieve composites with a range of large hydrostatic parameters, e.g., ≈ (300–350) pC / N, ∼ 100 mV·m / N, ≈ (21–23) C / m2, ∼ (24–30)·10−12 Pa−1, and ≈ 0.30. In contrast to , higher values of ∼ 10−10 Pa−1 are achieved due to the longitudinal piezoelectric effect. The results obtained in this piezoelectric composite system are interpreted by taking into account the orientation of 71° ferroelectric domains in the single-crystal layers and provide a route to form novel high-performance piezoelectric composites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-56
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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