Intelligent Mechanochemical Design of Co-Amorphous Mixtures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mechanochemistry is a green preparation method that uses mechanical forces to prompt chemical reactions. This technique has shown its potential as an efficient alternative for several solvent-based processes (e.g., synthesis of co-crystals, metal complexes, or polymers); however, predicting its reactivity remains a challenge. In this study, a machine learning model was developed to gain insights into this process and predict the formation of co-amorphous mixtures. Co-amorphous mixtures are produced when the molecular arrangement of a crystalline active pharmaceutical ingredient is disrupted and maintained at “random” by the synergistic presence of a secondary structure. Co-amorphous mixtures can be designed as multicomponent drugs and often display an enhanced solubility and bioavailability. In this work, we generated a database of 418 in-house amorphization experiments, novel to current literature, and informed data analysis (i.e., gradient boosting and neural networks) for predictive purposes and to extrapolate fundamental insights. By using 2066 chemical descriptors to train a gradient boost model, a predictive accuracy of >73% was achieved. This model was further used to predict and synthesize six novel co-amorphous mixtures. We expect that this novel database and the predictive model will aid at designing novel pharmaceuticals and advancing sustainable solvent-free processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2989-2996
Number of pages8
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume22
Issue number5
Early online date4 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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