Intelligence and negation biases on the Conditional Inference task: A dual-processes analysis

N F Attridge, Matthew Inglis

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Abstract

We examined a large set of conditional inference data compiled from several previous studies and asked three questions: How is normative performance related to intelligence? Does negative conclusion bias stem from Type 1 or Type 2 processing? Does implicit negation bias stem from Type 1 or Type 2 processing? Our analysis demonstrated that rejecting denial of the antecedent and affirmation of the consequent inferences was positively correlated with intelligence, while endorsing modus tollens inferences was not; that the occurrence of negative conclusion bias was related to the extent of Type 2 processing; and that the occurrence of implicit negation bias was not related to the extent of Type 2 processing. We conclude that negative conclusion bias is, at least in part, a product of Type 2 processing, while implicit negation bias is not.
LanguageEnglish
Pages454-471
Number of pages18
JournalThinking & Reasoning
Volume20
Issue number4
Early online date19 Mar 2014
DOIs
StatusPublished - 2014

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Intelligence
Nimodipine
Inference
Negation
Dual Process
Denial (Psychology)

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Intelligence and negation biases on the Conditional Inference task : A dual-processes analysis. / Attridge, N F; Inglis, Matthew.

In: Thinking & Reasoning, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2014, p. 454-471.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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