Inspiring Pre-service English Language Teachers to Become ELF-aware

Adem Soruc, Carol Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)


As English as a lingua franca (ELF) continues its global expansion, the need to deal with related pedagogical questions becomes more urgent. Although there have been some studies on ELF-aware students, there is also a need for inspiring ELF-aware teachers, especially at the pre-service stage so that they begin their professional lives with an ELF-aware mindset. The study reported here aimed to explore the views of a group of pre-service teachers (N = 24) after exposure to a variety of awareness-raising tasks. Data gathered by interviews and a questionnaire suggested that good ELF-aware teachers have seven main characteristics: they give less value to error correction and more to intelligibility, they respect linguistic and cultural identity, and they are open-minded, tolerant, willing to allow choice, and realistic about language use in the real world. These characteristics are exemplified and discussed, and recommendations are made for on-going development of the ELF-aware teacher.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalRELC Journal
Early online date8 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.


  • ELF
  • ELF-aware teacher
  • English as lingua franca
  • pre-service English teacher

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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