Insights into the Substrate Specificity of Archaeal Entner-Doudoroff Aldolases

The Structures of Picrophilus torridus 2-Keto-3-deoxygluconate Aldolase and Sulfolobus solfataricus 2-Keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate Aldolase in Complex with 2-Keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate

Viatcheslav Zaitsev, Ulrike Johnsen, Matthias Reher, Marius Ortjohann, Garry Taylor, Michael Danson, Peter Schönheit, Susan Crennell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The thermoacidophilic archaea Picrophilus torridus and Sulfolobus solfataricus catabolize glucose via a nonphosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway and a branched Entner-Doudoroff pathway, respectively. Key enzymes for these Entner-Doudoroff pathways are the aldolases, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate aldolase (KDG-aldolase) and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate aldolase [KD(P)G-aldolase]. KDG-aldolase from P. torridus (Pt-KDG-aldolase) is highly specific for the nonphosphorylated substrate, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate (KDG), whereas KD(P)G-aldolase from S. solfataricus [Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase] is an enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of both KDG and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate (KDPG), with a preference for KDPG. The structural basis for the high specificity of Pt-KDG-aldolase for KDG as compared to the more promiscuous Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase has not been analyzed before. In this work, we report the elucidation of the structure of Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase in complex with KDPG at 2.35 Å and that of KDG-aldolase from P. torridus at 2.50 Å resolution. By superimposition of the active sites of the two enzymes, and subsequent site-directed mutagenesis studies, a network of four amino acids, namely, Arg106, Tyr132, Arg237, and Ser241, was identified in Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase that interact with the negatively charged phosphate group of KDPG, thereby increasing the affinity of the enzyme for KDPG. This KDPG-binding network is absent in Pt-KDG-aldolase, which explains the low catalytic efficiency of KDPG cleavage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3797-3806
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume57
Issue number26
Early online date29 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

phospho-2-keto-3-deoxy-gluconate aldolase
Thermoplasmales
Aldehyde-Lyases
Sulfolobus solfataricus
Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase
Substrate Specificity
Substrates
Enzymes
2-keto-3-deoxygluconate aldolase
2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate
gluconic acid
Mutagenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{8193522722534509bb7b4665b3eae9e0,
title = "Insights into the Substrate Specificity of Archaeal Entner-Doudoroff Aldolases: The Structures of Picrophilus torridus 2-Keto-3-deoxygluconate Aldolase and Sulfolobus solfataricus 2-Keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate Aldolase in Complex with 2-Keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate",
abstract = "The thermoacidophilic archaea Picrophilus torridus and Sulfolobus solfataricus catabolize glucose via a nonphosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway and a branched Entner-Doudoroff pathway, respectively. Key enzymes for these Entner-Doudoroff pathways are the aldolases, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate aldolase (KDG-aldolase) and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate aldolase [KD(P)G-aldolase]. KDG-aldolase from P. torridus (Pt-KDG-aldolase) is highly specific for the nonphosphorylated substrate, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate (KDG), whereas KD(P)G-aldolase from S. solfataricus [Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase] is an enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of both KDG and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate (KDPG), with a preference for KDPG. The structural basis for the high specificity of Pt-KDG-aldolase for KDG as compared to the more promiscuous Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase has not been analyzed before. In this work, we report the elucidation of the structure of Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase in complex with KDPG at 2.35 {\AA} and that of KDG-aldolase from P. torridus at 2.50 {\AA} resolution. By superimposition of the active sites of the two enzymes, and subsequent site-directed mutagenesis studies, a network of four amino acids, namely, Arg106, Tyr132, Arg237, and Ser241, was identified in Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase that interact with the negatively charged phosphate group of KDPG, thereby increasing the affinity of the enzyme for KDPG. This KDPG-binding network is absent in Pt-KDG-aldolase, which explains the low catalytic efficiency of KDPG cleavage.",
author = "Viatcheslav Zaitsev and Ulrike Johnsen and Matthias Reher and Marius Ortjohann and Garry Taylor and Michael Danson and Peter Sch{\"o}nheit and Susan Crennell",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00535",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "3797--3806",
journal = "Biochemistry",
issn = "0006-2960",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "26",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Insights into the Substrate Specificity of Archaeal Entner-Doudoroff Aldolases

T2 - The Structures of Picrophilus torridus 2-Keto-3-deoxygluconate Aldolase and Sulfolobus solfataricus 2-Keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate Aldolase in Complex with 2-Keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate

AU - Zaitsev, Viatcheslav

AU - Johnsen, Ulrike

AU - Reher, Matthias

AU - Ortjohann, Marius

AU - Taylor, Garry

AU - Danson, Michael

AU - Schönheit, Peter

AU - Crennell, Susan

PY - 2018/7/3

Y1 - 2018/7/3

N2 - The thermoacidophilic archaea Picrophilus torridus and Sulfolobus solfataricus catabolize glucose via a nonphosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway and a branched Entner-Doudoroff pathway, respectively. Key enzymes for these Entner-Doudoroff pathways are the aldolases, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate aldolase (KDG-aldolase) and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate aldolase [KD(P)G-aldolase]. KDG-aldolase from P. torridus (Pt-KDG-aldolase) is highly specific for the nonphosphorylated substrate, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate (KDG), whereas KD(P)G-aldolase from S. solfataricus [Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase] is an enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of both KDG and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate (KDPG), with a preference for KDPG. The structural basis for the high specificity of Pt-KDG-aldolase for KDG as compared to the more promiscuous Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase has not been analyzed before. In this work, we report the elucidation of the structure of Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase in complex with KDPG at 2.35 Å and that of KDG-aldolase from P. torridus at 2.50 Å resolution. By superimposition of the active sites of the two enzymes, and subsequent site-directed mutagenesis studies, a network of four amino acids, namely, Arg106, Tyr132, Arg237, and Ser241, was identified in Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase that interact with the negatively charged phosphate group of KDPG, thereby increasing the affinity of the enzyme for KDPG. This KDPG-binding network is absent in Pt-KDG-aldolase, which explains the low catalytic efficiency of KDPG cleavage.

AB - The thermoacidophilic archaea Picrophilus torridus and Sulfolobus solfataricus catabolize glucose via a nonphosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway and a branched Entner-Doudoroff pathway, respectively. Key enzymes for these Entner-Doudoroff pathways are the aldolases, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate aldolase (KDG-aldolase) and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate aldolase [KD(P)G-aldolase]. KDG-aldolase from P. torridus (Pt-KDG-aldolase) is highly specific for the nonphosphorylated substrate, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate (KDG), whereas KD(P)G-aldolase from S. solfataricus [Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase] is an enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of both KDG and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate (KDPG), with a preference for KDPG. The structural basis for the high specificity of Pt-KDG-aldolase for KDG as compared to the more promiscuous Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase has not been analyzed before. In this work, we report the elucidation of the structure of Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase in complex with KDPG at 2.35 Å and that of KDG-aldolase from P. torridus at 2.50 Å resolution. By superimposition of the active sites of the two enzymes, and subsequent site-directed mutagenesis studies, a network of four amino acids, namely, Arg106, Tyr132, Arg237, and Ser241, was identified in Ss-KD(P)G-aldolase that interact with the negatively charged phosphate group of KDPG, thereby increasing the affinity of the enzyme for KDPG. This KDPG-binding network is absent in Pt-KDG-aldolase, which explains the low catalytic efficiency of KDPG cleavage.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048027373&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00535

DO - 10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00535

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 3797

EP - 3806

JO - Biochemistry

JF - Biochemistry

SN - 0006-2960

IS - 26

ER -