The glucose transporter 5 (GLUT5)-a specific D-fructose transporter-belongs to a family of facilitating sugar transporters recently enlarged by the human genome sequencing. Prompted by the need to develop specific photolabels of these isoforms, we have studied the interaction of conformationally locked D-fructose and L-sorbose derived 1,3-oxazolidin-2-thiones and 1,3-oxazolidin-2-ones to provide a rational basis for an interaction model. The inhibition properties of the D-fructose transporter GLUT5 by glyco-1,3-oxazolidin-2-thiones and glyco-1,3-oxazolidin-2-ones is now reported. In vitro, the fused-rings systems tested showed an efficient inhibition of GLUT5, thus bringing new insights on the interaction of D-fructose with GLUT5. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.