Inhibition of ADP-ribosyltransferase increases synthesis of Gs alpha in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells and reverses iloprost-dependent heterologous loss of fluoride-sensitive adenylate cyclase

L E Donnelly, R S Boyd, Robert J Williams, E Kelly, J MacDermot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Exposure of NG108-15 cells to 50 mM nicotinamide [an inhibitor of mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase] for 18 hr led to an increase in membrane associated Gs alpha measured either as cholera toxin substrate or by immunoblotting with a specific antiserum. Prolonged exposure of NG108-15 cells to iloprost is followed by homologous loss of iloprost sensitivity, and heterologous loss of fluoride-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase. Nicotinamide reversed the loss of fluoride sensitivity, but failed to restore iloprost-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase. These results with nicotinamide in NG108-15 cells contrasted with those from platelets, which also exhibit heterologous desensitization of fluoride sensitivity following prolonged exposure to iloprost. Treatment of platelets with 50 mM nicotinamide for 18 hr led to an increase of 75.0 +/- 19.4% in the amount of membrane associated cholera toxin substrate. However, there was no associated increase in the abundance of Gs alpha as determined by immunoblotting. Furthermore, in platelets there was no restoration by nicotinamide of the iloprost-dependent loss of fluoride-sensitive adenylate cyclase activity. It follows that heterologous desensitization in platelets is accompanied by inactivation of Gs alpha, which is retained within the plasma membrane in its inactive state. The nicotinamide-dependent increase in the abundance of membrane associated cholera toxin substrate and immunoreactive Gs alpha in NG108-15 cells is associated with an increase of 72.0 +/- 20.3% in the levels of mRNA encoding Gs alpha. The capacity of nicotinamide to increase the abundance of membrane associated Gs alpha was reversed when the cells were cultured in the presence of 20 micrograms/mL cycloheximide. These results suggest that the ability of nicotinamide to increase the abundance of Gs alpha in NG108-15 cells is mediated by de novo protein synthesis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-776
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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ADP Ribose Transferases
Iloprost
Niacinamide
Hybrid Cells
Neuroblastoma
Fluorides
Adenylyl Cyclases
Glioma
Platelets
Cholera Toxin
Blood Platelets
Membranes
Immunoblotting
Substrates
Chemical activation
Cell membranes
Cycloheximide
Restoration
Immune Sera
Cultured Cells

Cite this

@article{d4371c12d9ab4e669dfc79b6b8551e38,
title = "Inhibition of ADP-ribosyltransferase increases synthesis of Gs alpha in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells and reverses iloprost-dependent heterologous loss of fluoride-sensitive adenylate cyclase",
abstract = "Exposure of NG108-15 cells to 50 mM nicotinamide [an inhibitor of mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase] for 18 hr led to an increase in membrane associated Gs alpha measured either as cholera toxin substrate or by immunoblotting with a specific antiserum. Prolonged exposure of NG108-15 cells to iloprost is followed by homologous loss of iloprost sensitivity, and heterologous loss of fluoride-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase. Nicotinamide reversed the loss of fluoride sensitivity, but failed to restore iloprost-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase. These results with nicotinamide in NG108-15 cells contrasted with those from platelets, which also exhibit heterologous desensitization of fluoride sensitivity following prolonged exposure to iloprost. Treatment of platelets with 50 mM nicotinamide for 18 hr led to an increase of 75.0 +/- 19.4{\%} in the amount of membrane associated cholera toxin substrate. However, there was no associated increase in the abundance of Gs alpha as determined by immunoblotting. Furthermore, in platelets there was no restoration by nicotinamide of the iloprost-dependent loss of fluoride-sensitive adenylate cyclase activity. It follows that heterologous desensitization in platelets is accompanied by inactivation of Gs alpha, which is retained within the plasma membrane in its inactive state. The nicotinamide-dependent increase in the abundance of membrane associated cholera toxin substrate and immunoreactive Gs alpha in NG108-15 cells is associated with an increase of 72.0 +/- 20.3{\%} in the levels of mRNA encoding Gs alpha. The capacity of nicotinamide to increase the abundance of membrane associated Gs alpha was reversed when the cells were cultured in the presence of 20 micrograms/mL cycloheximide. These results suggest that the ability of nicotinamide to increase the abundance of Gs alpha in NG108-15 cells is mediated by de novo protein synthesis.",
author = "Donnelly, {L E} and Boyd, {R S} and Williams, {Robert J} and E Kelly and J MacDermot",
year = "1995",
doi = "10.1016/0006-2952(94)00483-3",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "767--776",
journal = "Biochemical Pharmacology",
issn = "0006-2952",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inhibition of ADP-ribosyltransferase increases synthesis of Gs alpha in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells and reverses iloprost-dependent heterologous loss of fluoride-sensitive adenylate cyclase

AU - Donnelly, L E

AU - Boyd, R S

AU - Williams, Robert J

AU - Kelly, E

AU - MacDermot, J

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Exposure of NG108-15 cells to 50 mM nicotinamide [an inhibitor of mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase] for 18 hr led to an increase in membrane associated Gs alpha measured either as cholera toxin substrate or by immunoblotting with a specific antiserum. Prolonged exposure of NG108-15 cells to iloprost is followed by homologous loss of iloprost sensitivity, and heterologous loss of fluoride-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase. Nicotinamide reversed the loss of fluoride sensitivity, but failed to restore iloprost-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase. These results with nicotinamide in NG108-15 cells contrasted with those from platelets, which also exhibit heterologous desensitization of fluoride sensitivity following prolonged exposure to iloprost. Treatment of platelets with 50 mM nicotinamide for 18 hr led to an increase of 75.0 +/- 19.4% in the amount of membrane associated cholera toxin substrate. However, there was no associated increase in the abundance of Gs alpha as determined by immunoblotting. Furthermore, in platelets there was no restoration by nicotinamide of the iloprost-dependent loss of fluoride-sensitive adenylate cyclase activity. It follows that heterologous desensitization in platelets is accompanied by inactivation of Gs alpha, which is retained within the plasma membrane in its inactive state. The nicotinamide-dependent increase in the abundance of membrane associated cholera toxin substrate and immunoreactive Gs alpha in NG108-15 cells is associated with an increase of 72.0 +/- 20.3% in the levels of mRNA encoding Gs alpha. The capacity of nicotinamide to increase the abundance of membrane associated Gs alpha was reversed when the cells were cultured in the presence of 20 micrograms/mL cycloheximide. These results suggest that the ability of nicotinamide to increase the abundance of Gs alpha in NG108-15 cells is mediated by de novo protein synthesis.

AB - Exposure of NG108-15 cells to 50 mM nicotinamide [an inhibitor of mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase] for 18 hr led to an increase in membrane associated Gs alpha measured either as cholera toxin substrate or by immunoblotting with a specific antiserum. Prolonged exposure of NG108-15 cells to iloprost is followed by homologous loss of iloprost sensitivity, and heterologous loss of fluoride-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase. Nicotinamide reversed the loss of fluoride sensitivity, but failed to restore iloprost-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase. These results with nicotinamide in NG108-15 cells contrasted with those from platelets, which also exhibit heterologous desensitization of fluoride sensitivity following prolonged exposure to iloprost. Treatment of platelets with 50 mM nicotinamide for 18 hr led to an increase of 75.0 +/- 19.4% in the amount of membrane associated cholera toxin substrate. However, there was no associated increase in the abundance of Gs alpha as determined by immunoblotting. Furthermore, in platelets there was no restoration by nicotinamide of the iloprost-dependent loss of fluoride-sensitive adenylate cyclase activity. It follows that heterologous desensitization in platelets is accompanied by inactivation of Gs alpha, which is retained within the plasma membrane in its inactive state. The nicotinamide-dependent increase in the abundance of membrane associated cholera toxin substrate and immunoreactive Gs alpha in NG108-15 cells is associated with an increase of 72.0 +/- 20.3% in the levels of mRNA encoding Gs alpha. The capacity of nicotinamide to increase the abundance of membrane associated Gs alpha was reversed when the cells were cultured in the presence of 20 micrograms/mL cycloheximide. These results suggest that the ability of nicotinamide to increase the abundance of Gs alpha in NG108-15 cells is mediated by de novo protein synthesis.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-2952(94)00483-3

U2 - 10.1016/0006-2952(94)00483-3

DO - 10.1016/0006-2952(94)00483-3

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 767

EP - 776

JO - Biochemical Pharmacology

JF - Biochemical Pharmacology

SN - 0006-2952

IS - 6

ER -