Influence of post-warm-up recovery time on swim performance in international swimmers

D.J. West, B.M. Dietzig, R.M. Bracken, D.J. Cunningham, B.T. Crewther, C.J. Cook, L.P. Kilduff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Swimmers must enter a marshalling call-room 20 min prior to racing, which results in some swimmers completing their warm-up 45 min pre-race. Since a recovery period longer than 15-20 min may prove problematic, this study examined 200 m freestyle performance after a 20 and 45 min post-warm-up recovery period.

Design: Eight international swimmers completed this randomised and counter-balanced study.

Methods: After a standardised warm-up, swimmers rested for either 20 (20 min) or 45 min (45 min) prior to completing a 200 m freestyle time-trial (TT). Core temperature (T core), blood lactate (BL), heart rate and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded at baseline, post-warm-up, pre-TT, immediately post-TT and at 3 min post-TT.

Results: T core was similar after the warm-up under both conditions, however, at pre-TT T core was greater under 20 min (mean ± SD; 20 min 37.8 ± 0.2 vs. 45 min 37.5 ± 0.2 °C; P = 0.002). BL was similar between conditions at all-time points before the TT (P > 0.05). Swimmers demonstrated a 1.5 ± 1.1% improvement in performance under 20 min (20 min 125.74 ± 3.64 vs. 45 min 127.60 ± 3.55 s; P = 0.01). T core was similar between conditions at immediately post-TT and 3 min post-TT (P > 0.05), however, BL was higher at these time points under 20 min (P < 0.05). Heart rate and RPE were similar between conditions at all-time points (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: 200 m freestyle performance is faster 20 min post-warm-up when compared to 45 min probably due to better T core maintenance. This has implications for swim race preparation as warm-up procedures should be completed close to entering the pre-race call room, in order to maintain elevated core temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-176
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

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    West, D. J., Dietzig, B. M., Bracken, R. M., Cunningham, D. J., Crewther, B. T., Cook, C. J., & Kilduff, L. P. (2013). Influence of post-warm-up recovery time on swim performance in international swimmers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 16(2), 172-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2012.06.002