Influence of overheating criteria in the appraisal of building fabric performance

Daniel Fosas de Pando, Sukumar Natarajan, David Coley, Alfonso Ramallo Gonzalez, Miguel Fosas de Pando

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Abstract

In response to the threat of anthropogenic climate change, heating dominated countries have focused on re-ducing the space conditioning demand by increasing insulation and airtightness. However, given climate projec-tions and lifespan of buildings, concerns have arisen on whether these strategies deliver resilient solutions. As overheating can be evaluated through different criteria, this paper investigates if building fabric performance is subject to bias from the assessment method chosen and account for discrepancies between previous studies.

To answer this, we modelled dwellings compliant with 1995 and 2006 UK building regulations and the FEES and Passivhaus standards in a consistent and realistic manner. The parametric study included different weathers, thermal mass, glazing ratios, shading strategies, occupancy profiles, infiltration levels, purge ventilation strate-gies and orientations, resulting in 16128 simulation models. To provide confidence in the output, the base model was first validated against data collected from a real well-insulated dwelling.

Results show that the benchmark choice is influential in the evaluation of building fabric performance as it is able to inverse overheating trends. Criteria based on adaptive comfort best represented expected behaviour, where improved building fabric is a resilient measure that reduces overheating as long as occupants are able to open windows for ventilation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaking Comfort Relevant Proceedings 9th Windsor Conference
EditorsLuisa Brotas, Susan Roaf, Fergus Nicol, Michael Humphreys
PublisherNCEUB
Pages1078-1098
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-9928957-3-0
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2016

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Fosas de Pando, D., Natarajan, S., Coley, D., Ramallo Gonzalez, A., & Fosas de Pando, M. (2016). Influence of overheating criteria in the appraisal of building fabric performance. In L. Brotas, S. Roaf, F. Nicol, & M. Humphreys (Eds.), Making Comfort Relevant Proceedings 9th Windsor Conference (pp. 1078-1098). NCEUB.