Influence of cancellous bone material and dead zone on stress-strain, bone stimulus and bone remodelling around the tibia for total ankle replacement

Subrata Mondal, Rajesh Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Extreme bone resorption due to bone remodelling is one of the reasons for ankle component loosening. Finite element (FE) analysis has been effectively used nowadays for pre-clinical analysis of orthopaedic implants. For FE modelling, the selection of bone material and dead zone play a vital role to understand the bone remodelling. This study deals with the effects of different cancellous elastic modulus-density relationships and dead zone on bone remodelling around the tibia owing to total ankle replacement (TAR), using finite element analysis with physiological loading conditions. This study also investigated the bone stimulus distribution in the tibia to identify the initial indication of bone density changes due to bone remodelling. Additionally, the Hoffman failure criterion was used to investigate the chances of implant-bone interface failure due to different cancellous bone material modelling and bone remodelling. The present bone remodelling study consists of three different dead or lazy zones (±0.75, ±0.60 and ±0.35) to examine the influence of the dead zone on bone remodelling. Differences in stress/strain distribution were observed in the tibia bone due to different cancellous bone material modelling. Despite little variations, bone density changes due to bone remodelling were found to be almost similar for two FE models having different cancellous bone material. Similar to these results, the effect of different dead zone on bone density changes due to bone remodelling was found to be minimal. Bone stimulus distribution in the cancellous bone was found to be almost similar for FE models having different cancellous bone material modelling and different dead zones. To understand the stress/strain and interface related failure of the tibial component, cancellous bone material modelling plays a crucial role. However, cancellous bone material modelling and dead zone have minimal influence on bone remodelling around the tibia cancellous bone due to TAR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-196
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Volume235
Issue number2
Early online date3 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2021

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