Increasing Self-Regulatory Energy Using an Internet-Based Training Application Delivered by Smartphone Technology

Jo Cranwell , Steve Benford, Robert Houghton, Michael Golembewski, Joel Fischer, Martin S. Hagger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-control resources can be defined in terms of “energy.” Repeated attempts to override desires and impulses can result in a state of reduced self-control energy termed “ego depletion” leading to a reduced capacity to regulate future self-control behaviors effectively. Regular practice or “training” on self-control tasks may improve an individual's capacity to overcome ego depletion effectively. The current research tested the effectiveness of training using a novel Internet-based smartphone application to improve self-control and reduce ego depletion. In two experiments, participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental group, which received a daily program of self-control training using a modified Stroop-task Internet-based application delivered via smartphone to participants over a 4-week period, or a no-training control group. Participants assigned to the experimental group performed significantly better on post-training laboratory self-control tasks relative to participants in the control group. Findings support the hypothesized training effect on self-control and highlight the effectiveness of a novel Internet-based application delivered by smartphone as a practical means to administer and monitor a self-control training program. The smartphone training application has considerable advantages over other means to train self-control adopted in previous studies in that it has increased ecological validity and enables effective monitoring of compliance with the training program.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalCyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Smartphones
self-control
Internet
Technology
energy
Ego
training program
Group
Smartphone
Self-Control
Education
Training Support
Control Groups
Power control
monitoring

Cite this

Increasing Self-Regulatory Energy Using an Internet-Based Training Application Delivered by Smartphone Technology. / Cranwell , Jo; Benford, Steve; Houghton, Robert; Golembewski, Michael; Fischer, Joel; Hagger , Martin S.

In: Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, Vol. 17, No. 3, 04.03.2014, p. 181-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cranwell , Jo ; Benford, Steve ; Houghton, Robert ; Golembewski, Michael ; Fischer, Joel ; Hagger , Martin S. / Increasing Self-Regulatory Energy Using an Internet-Based Training Application Delivered by Smartphone Technology. In: Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. 2014 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 181-186.
@article{8a4d33df97dd4ada97d9777d8cf9b557,
title = "Increasing Self-Regulatory Energy Using an Internet-Based Training Application Delivered by Smartphone Technology",
abstract = "Self-control resources can be defined in terms of “energy.” Repeated attempts to override desires and impulses can result in a state of reduced self-control energy termed “ego depletion” leading to a reduced capacity to regulate future self-control behaviors effectively. Regular practice or “training” on self-control tasks may improve an individual's capacity to overcome ego depletion effectively. The current research tested the effectiveness of training using a novel Internet-based smartphone application to improve self-control and reduce ego depletion. In two experiments, participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental group, which received a daily program of self-control training using a modified Stroop-task Internet-based application delivered via smartphone to participants over a 4-week period, or a no-training control group. Participants assigned to the experimental group performed significantly better on post-training laboratory self-control tasks relative to participants in the control group. Findings support the hypothesized training effect on self-control and highlight the effectiveness of a novel Internet-based application delivered by smartphone as a practical means to administer and monitor a self-control training program. The smartphone training application has considerable advantages over other means to train self-control adopted in previous studies in that it has increased ecological validity and enables effective monitoring of compliance with the training program.",
author = "Jo Cranwell and Steve Benford and Robert Houghton and Michael Golembewski and Joel Fischer and Hagger, {Martin S.}",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1089/cyber.2013.0105",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "181--186",
journal = "Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking",
issn = "2152-2715",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increasing Self-Regulatory Energy Using an Internet-Based Training Application Delivered by Smartphone Technology

AU - Cranwell , Jo

AU - Benford, Steve

AU - Houghton, Robert

AU - Golembewski, Michael

AU - Fischer, Joel

AU - Hagger , Martin S.

PY - 2014/3/4

Y1 - 2014/3/4

N2 - Self-control resources can be defined in terms of “energy.” Repeated attempts to override desires and impulses can result in a state of reduced self-control energy termed “ego depletion” leading to a reduced capacity to regulate future self-control behaviors effectively. Regular practice or “training” on self-control tasks may improve an individual's capacity to overcome ego depletion effectively. The current research tested the effectiveness of training using a novel Internet-based smartphone application to improve self-control and reduce ego depletion. In two experiments, participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental group, which received a daily program of self-control training using a modified Stroop-task Internet-based application delivered via smartphone to participants over a 4-week period, or a no-training control group. Participants assigned to the experimental group performed significantly better on post-training laboratory self-control tasks relative to participants in the control group. Findings support the hypothesized training effect on self-control and highlight the effectiveness of a novel Internet-based application delivered by smartphone as a practical means to administer and monitor a self-control training program. The smartphone training application has considerable advantages over other means to train self-control adopted in previous studies in that it has increased ecological validity and enables effective monitoring of compliance with the training program.

AB - Self-control resources can be defined in terms of “energy.” Repeated attempts to override desires and impulses can result in a state of reduced self-control energy termed “ego depletion” leading to a reduced capacity to regulate future self-control behaviors effectively. Regular practice or “training” on self-control tasks may improve an individual's capacity to overcome ego depletion effectively. The current research tested the effectiveness of training using a novel Internet-based smartphone application to improve self-control and reduce ego depletion. In two experiments, participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental group, which received a daily program of self-control training using a modified Stroop-task Internet-based application delivered via smartphone to participants over a 4-week period, or a no-training control group. Participants assigned to the experimental group performed significantly better on post-training laboratory self-control tasks relative to participants in the control group. Findings support the hypothesized training effect on self-control and highlight the effectiveness of a novel Internet-based application delivered by smartphone as a practical means to administer and monitor a self-control training program. The smartphone training application has considerable advantages over other means to train self-control adopted in previous studies in that it has increased ecological validity and enables effective monitoring of compliance with the training program.

U2 - 10.1089/cyber.2013.0105

DO - 10.1089/cyber.2013.0105

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 181

EP - 186

JO - Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking

JF - Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking

SN - 2152-2715

IS - 3

ER -