OBJECTIVES: Immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy (IMNM) is characterized by the predominant presence of necrotic muscle fibres in muscle biopsy and variable response to immunosuppressive treatment. The aims of this study were to analyse the temporal trend of IMNM incidence in our centre over the past 10 years and to explore the role of statins as possible causative agents.
METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of muscle biopsy results, clinical and laboratory data, including antibody associations of all patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy newly diagnosed between 2004 and June 2014, was performed. Available sera were tested for the presence of anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (anti-HMGCR) autoantibodies.
RESULTS: Of 357 biopsied patients, 233 fulfilled criteria for inflammatory/immune-mediated myopathy, including 27 (11.6%) classified as IMNM. There were no patients with IMNM diagnosed between 2004 and 2007; subsequently, two to three cases of IMNM per year were seen during the period 2008-11, with a substantial increase to 18 cases (66.6% of all IMNM biopsies) in 2012-14. Thirteen of 27 patients (48%) had a history of statin use, 11 (85%) of whom had positive anti-HMGCR antibodies. There was no IMNM patient without a history of statin use who was anti-HMGCR antibody positive.
CONCLUSION: Our data show an increasing incidence of IMNM, which is mainly accounted for by anti-HMGCR-positive IMNM associated with the use of statins.
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- Department of Pharmacy & Pharmacology - Head of Department
- EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Statistical Applied Mathematics (SAMBa)
- Centre for Therapeutic Innovation
Person: Research & Teaching