Increased sediment oxygen flux in lakes and reservoirs: The impact of hypolimnetic oxygenation

Kevin A. Bierlein, Maryam Rezvani, Scott A. Socolofsky, Lee D. Bryant, Alfred Wüest, John C. Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hypolimnetic oxygenation is an increasingly common lake management strategy for mitigating hypoxia/anoxia and associated deleterious effects on water quality. A common effect of oxygenation is increased oxygen consumption in the hypolimnion and predicting the magnitude of this increase is the crux of effective oxygenation system design. Simultaneous measurements of sediment oxygen flux (JO2) and turbulence in the bottom boundary layer of two oxygenated lakes were used to investigate the impact of oxygenation on JO2. Oxygenation increased JO2 in both lakes by increasing the bulk oxygen concentration, which in turn steepens the diffusive gradient across the diffusive boundary layer. At high flow rates, the diffusive boundary layer thickness decreased as well. A transect along one of the lakes showed JO2 to be spatially quite variable, with near-field and far-field JO2 differing by a factor of 4. Using these in situ measurements, physical models of interfacial flux were compared to microprofile-derived JO2 to determine which models adequately predict JO2 in oxygenated lakes. Models based on friction velocity, turbulence dissipation rate, and the integral scale of turbulence agreed with microprofile-derived JO2 in both lakes. These models could potentially be used to predict oxygenation-induced oxygen flux and improve oxygenation system design methods for a broad range of reservoir systems.

LanguageEnglish
Pages4876-4890
Number of pages15
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume53
Issue number6
Early online date15 Jun 2017
DOIs
StatusPublished - 18 Jun 2017

Fingerprint

oxygenation
oxygen
lake
sediment
turbulence
boundary layer
benthic boundary layer
hypolimnion
anoxia
hypoxia
design method
oxygen consumption
in situ measurement
dissipation
friction
transect
water quality

Keywords

  • bubble plume
  • diffusive boundary layer
  • interfacial flux
  • mass transfer
  • sediment oxygen demand
  • turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Increased sediment oxygen flux in lakes and reservoirs : The impact of hypolimnetic oxygenation. / Bierlein, Kevin A.; Rezvani, Maryam; Socolofsky, Scott A.; Bryant, Lee D.; Wüest, Alfred; Little, John C.

In: Water Resources Research, Vol. 53, No. 6, 18.06.2017, p. 4876-4890.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bierlein, Kevin A. ; Rezvani, Maryam ; Socolofsky, Scott A. ; Bryant, Lee D. ; Wüest, Alfred ; Little, John C. / Increased sediment oxygen flux in lakes and reservoirs : The impact of hypolimnetic oxygenation. In: Water Resources Research. 2017 ; Vol. 53, No. 6. pp. 4876-4890.
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