Increased Risk of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Mental Health Problems in Retired Professional Jockeys: A Cross-Sectional Study

Anna-Louise Mackinnon, Kate Jackson, Kerry Kuznik, Alison Turner, Jerry Hill, Madeleine A M Davies, Mary Elizabeth Jones, Antonella Delmestri, Maria T Sanchez-Santos, Julia Newton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To examine the prevalence of chronic disease and mental health problems in retired professional, male jockeys compared to an age-matched reference population. A cross-sectional study comparing data from a cohort of retired professional jockeys with an age-matched general population sample. Male participants (age range: 50-89 years old) were used to compare health outcomes of self-reported physician-diagnosed conditions: heart disease, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, depression and anxiety between study populations. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate associations between study groups and health outcome. In total, 810 participants (135 retired professional male jockeys and 675 participants from the reference population) were included, with an average age of 64.7±9.9 years old. Increased odds of having osteoporosis (OR=6.5, 95%CI 2.1-20.5), osteoarthritis (OR=7.5, 95%CI 4.6-12.2), anxiety (OR=2.8, 95%CI 1.3-5.9) and depression (OR=2.6, 95%CI 1.3-5.7) were seen in the retired professional jockeys. No differences were found for the remaining health outcomes. Retired professional jockeys had increased odds of musculoskeletal disease and mental health problems compared to the general population. Understanding the prevalence of chronic disease and mental health problems in retired professional jockeys will help inform screening and intervention strategies for jockeys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-738
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume40
Issue number11
Early online date7 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • athlete
  • chronic disease
  • depression
  • osteoarthritis
  • osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Mackinnon, A-L., Jackson, K., Kuznik, K., Turner, A., Hill, J., Davies, M. A. M., Jones, M. E., Delmestri, A., Sanchez-Santos, M. T., & Newton, J. (2019). Increased Risk of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Mental Health Problems in Retired Professional Jockeys: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(11), 732-738. https://doi.org/10.1055/a-0902-8601