Increase alginate-chitosan nanoparticles transport efficiency through the epithelium by attaching nt-PE onto surface

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Nanotechnology has brought drug delivery system into a brand new age---the appearance of Nano delivery system. It has been widely explored in different therapeutic areas. For oral protein delivery, the application of Nano delivery system is limited by the low transport efficiency through the epithelium in the small intestine. The efficient transport of nano delivery system through epithelium requires optimized surface characteristics and specific transport pathway. In this study, chitosan and alginate are chosen for making nanoparticles, as they are bioadhensive, biodegradable and can be modified for the surface modification. The pathway of nanoparticles go across the epithelium is designed to mimic the pathway of virus invasion in the body. Study has shown non-toxic form of pseudomonas exotoxin (nt-PE) can go across the polarized cells (epithelial cells) [1]. Our hypothesis is that the transport efficiency of alginate-chitosan nanoparticles through the epithelium can be increased after attaching nt-PE onto the surface. Alginate-chitosan nanoparticles were made by ion gelation, the particle size are in the size range of 210± 18 nm and the zeta potential is -7±3 mV. After attaching nt-PE onto nanoparticle surface, nanoparticles are in the size range of 192±17 nm, and the zeta potential is -10±4 mV. Nt-PE decorated nanoparticles are still in the spherical shape as indicated under Transmission Electron Microscope. This nano-delivery system was tested on Caco-2 cells, an in vitro model of the human intestinal epithelium. The transport efficiency of nt-PE modified nanoparticles are 2 fold more than the unmodified nanoparticles. Nt-PE modified nanoparticles have shown the potential to go across the epithelium. The in vivo transport study is undergoing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the World Congress on Recent Advances in Nanotechnology, RAN 2016
PublisherAvestia Publishing
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)9781927877197
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventProceedings of the World Congress on Recent Advances in Nanotechnology, RAN 2016 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 1 Apr 20162 Apr 2016

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the World Congress on Recent Advances in Nanotechnology, RAN 2016
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period1/04/162/04/16

Fingerprint

Chitosan
Exotoxins
alginate
Alginate
Pseudomonas
Nanoparticles
Epithelium
Pathway
Zeta potential
range size
Cell
alginic acid
Form
nanoparticle
Gelation
Surface Modification
Drug Delivery
Nanotechnology
Caco-2 Cells
nanotechnology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Pollution
  • Biomaterials
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Histology

Cite this

Li, R., De Bank, P., & Mrsny, R. (2016). Increase alginate-chitosan nanoparticles transport efficiency through the epithelium by attaching nt-PE onto surface. In Proceedings of the World Congress on Recent Advances in Nanotechnology, RAN 2016 Avestia Publishing. https://doi.org/10.11159/nddte16.111

Increase alginate-chitosan nanoparticles transport efficiency through the epithelium by attaching nt-PE onto surface. / Li, Ruiying; De Bank, Paul; Mrsny, Randy.

Proceedings of the World Congress on Recent Advances in Nanotechnology, RAN 2016. Avestia Publishing, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Li, R, De Bank, P & Mrsny, R 2016, Increase alginate-chitosan nanoparticles transport efficiency through the epithelium by attaching nt-PE onto surface. in Proceedings of the World Congress on Recent Advances in Nanotechnology, RAN 2016. Avestia Publishing, Proceedings of the World Congress on Recent Advances in Nanotechnology, RAN 2016, Prague, Czech Republic, 1/04/16. https://doi.org/10.11159/nddte16.111
Li R, De Bank P, Mrsny R. Increase alginate-chitosan nanoparticles transport efficiency through the epithelium by attaching nt-PE onto surface. In Proceedings of the World Congress on Recent Advances in Nanotechnology, RAN 2016. Avestia Publishing. 2016 https://doi.org/10.11159/nddte16.111
Li, Ruiying ; De Bank, Paul ; Mrsny, Randy. / Increase alginate-chitosan nanoparticles transport efficiency through the epithelium by attaching nt-PE onto surface. Proceedings of the World Congress on Recent Advances in Nanotechnology, RAN 2016. Avestia Publishing, 2016.
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