In-vitro study of medial strain distribution in the femur during impaction grafting

S Y Mak, T P Holsgrove, A W Miles

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1 Citation (SciVal)


Impaction bone grafting (IBG) is widely used for revision hip surgery to compensate for bone stock loss. It is performed by impacting morsellized allograft into the femoral canal and acetabulum prior to cementing new total hip components. Per- and post-operative femoral fractures and post-operative implant subsidence are major complications in IBG. The aim of this study was to investigate the strain distribution on the medial side of the femur during impaction grafting and the subsequent stability of the stem under uniaxial cyclic loading. The Exeter IBG technique was used in conjunction with Howmedica X-change instrumentation. Sawbones composite femora were used. An impactometer, which provides a known impaction energy and momentum, was used to standardize the impaction process. Three drop heights, 130, 260, and 390 mm, were used for proximal impaction. In-vitro medial hoop strains and the number of impacts were recorded. A drop height of 260 mm was found to provide sufficient energy for impaction without introducing excessive strains to achieve implant stability. Furthermore, a feasibility study was performed on the use of a proximal impaction cap (PIC) to restrain extrusion of the graft during impaction. Although no significant difference in impaction strains or stem stability in uniaxial cylic loading was found by using a PIC, it is postulated that the design of a proximal impactor could be improved to assist with proximal stem alignment and graft containment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-619
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H - Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2007


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