In vitro reprogramming of pancreatic alpha cells towards a beta cell phenotype following ectopic HNF4α expression

Caroline B. Sangan, Ramiro Jover, Harry Heimberg, David Tosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is currently a shortage of organ donors available for pancreatic beta cell transplantation into diabetic patients. An alternative source of beta cells is pre-existing pancreatic cells. While we know that beta cells can arise directly from alpha cells during pancreatic regeneration we do not understand the molecular basis for the switch in phenotype. The aim of the present study was to investigate if hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF4α), a transcription factor essential for a normal beta cell phenotype, could induce the reprogramming of alpha cells towards potential beta cells. We utilised an in vitro model of pancreatic alpha cells, the murine αTC1-9 cell line. We initially characterised the αTC1-9 cell line before and following adenovirus-mediated ectopic expression of HNF4α. We analysed the phenotype at transcript and protein level and assessed its glucose-responsiveness. Ectopic HNF4α expression in the αTC1-9 cell line induced a change in morphology (1.7-fold increase in size), suppressed glucagon expression, induced key beta cell-specific markers (insulin, C-peptide, glucokinase, GLUT2 and Pax4) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and enabled the cells to secrete insulin in a glucose-regulated manner. In conclusion, HNF4α reprograms alpha cells to beta-like cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-59
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume399
Early online date16 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Alpha cell
  • Beta cell
  • Glucagon
  • HNF4α
  • Insulin
  • Pancreatic polypeptide

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