The role of lipoprotein diacylglyceryl transferase (Lgt) and lipoprotein signal peptidase (Lsp) responsible for processing lipoproteins was investigated in Streptococcus uberis, a common cause of bovine mastitis. In the absence of Lgt, three lipoproteins [MtuA (SUB0473), Hap (SUB1625) and an extracellular solute-binding protein (SUB0365)] were detected in extracellular locations. All were shown by Edman degradation analysis to be cleaved on the carboxy side of the LXXC lipobox. Detection of MtuA, a lipoprotein shown previously to be essential for infectivity and virulence, was used as a surrogate lipoprotein marker to locate and assess processing of lipoproteins. The absence of Lgt did not prevent location of MtuA to the cell membrane, its location in the wild-type strain but, in contrast to the situation with wild-type, did result in a widespread location of this protein. In the absence of both Lgt and Lsp, MtuA was similarly released from the bacterial cell. In such strains, however, the cell-associated MtuA represented the full-length gene product, indicating that Lsp was able to cleave non-lipidated (lipo)proteins but was not responsible for their release from this bacterium.
- Amino Acid Sequence
- Bacterial Proteins/chemistry
- Mastitis, Bovine/microbiology
- Membrane Proteins/metabolism
- Molecular Sequence Data
- Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism
- Subcellular Fractions/metabolism