Sarah J. Bailey, Tobias Bast, Lauren Chaby, Bruce J. Kinon, Michael K. Harte, Sally Mead, Rachel Moloney, Ian Ragan, Clare Stanford, Mark Tricklebank, Mark Zervas, Laura Ajram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Animal models are important in preclinical psychopharmacology to study mechanisms and potential treatments for psychiatric disorders. A working group of 14 volunteers, comprising an international team of researchers from academia and industry, convened in 2021 to discuss how to improve the translational relevance and interpretation of findings from animal models that are used in preclinical psychopharmacology. The following paper distils the outcomes of the working group’s discussions into 10 key considerations for the planning and reporting of behavioural studies in animal models relevant to psychiatric disorders. These form the iTRIPP guidelines (Improving Translational Relevance In Preclinical Psychopharmacology). These guidelines reflect the key considerations that the group thinks will likely have substantial impact in terms of improving the translational relevance of behavioural studies in animal models that are used to study psychiatric disorders and their treatment. They are relevant to the research community when drafting and reviewing manuscripts, presentations and grant applications. The iTRIPP guidelines are intended to complement general recommendations for planning and reporting animal studies that have been published elsewhere, by enabling researchers to fully consider the most appropriate animal model for the research purpose and to interpret their findings appropriately. This in turn will increase the clinical benefit of such research and is therefore important not only for the scientific community but also for patients and the lay public.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1051-1057
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychopharmacology
Issue number11
Early online date31 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2023


  • Psychopharmacology
  • animal models
  • preclinical research
  • psychiatric disorders
  • translation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology


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