Improving scoring precision and internal construct validity of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) using Rasch Measurement Theory

Alice Heaney, Stephen P McKenna, Peter Hagell, Raj Sengupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To test the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) according to Rasch Measurement Theory and investigate whether measurement precision can be improved.

METHODS: Secondary analysis of a BASDAI database. The data had been collected from individuals starting an Ankylosing Spondylitis Exercise Course at the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases in Bath, UK.

RESULTS: Data were available for 250 (23.6% female) participants aged between 18 and 85 (mean 52.8; SD 14.6) years. Initial fit of the data to the Rasch model appeared good and item thresholds were consistent, but local item dependence (LID) was identified. After addressing the LID a unidimensional measure was achieved. The Person Separation Index (reliability) was 0.83 and the location of the items was well matched to that of the respondents. A transformation table was generated to convert total raw BASDAI scores into linearized Rasch transformed scores, that form an interval scale. The Smallest Detectable Difference improved from 2 to 1.2. This finding suggests that a change score of greater than 1.2 points on the modified BASDAI is required to achieve meaningful change.

CONCLUSION: Applying the Rasch transformed scores simplifies completion and scoring of the measure and confirms internal construct validity. It also ensures linear measurement and justifies the use of parametric statistical analyses when analysing datasets. The transformation table can be used with existing BASDAI datasets to allow direct comparisons of disease activity scores with those generated from future studies.

LanguageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Rheumatology
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatusPublished - 1 May 2019

Cite this

Improving scoring precision and internal construct validity of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) using Rasch Measurement Theory. / Heaney, Alice; McKenna, Stephen P; Hagell, Peter; Sengupta, Raj.

In: The Journal of Rheumatology, Vol. 46, No. 5, 01.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To test the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) according to Rasch Measurement Theory and investigate whether measurement precision can be improved.METHODS: Secondary analysis of a BASDAI database. The data had been collected from individuals starting an Ankylosing Spondylitis Exercise Course at the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases in Bath, UK.RESULTS: Data were available for 250 (23.6{\%} female) participants aged between 18 and 85 (mean 52.8; SD 14.6) years. Initial fit of the data to the Rasch model appeared good and item thresholds were consistent, but local item dependence (LID) was identified. After addressing the LID a unidimensional measure was achieved. The Person Separation Index (reliability) was 0.83 and the location of the items was well matched to that of the respondents. A transformation table was generated to convert total raw BASDAI scores into linearized Rasch transformed scores, that form an interval scale. The Smallest Detectable Difference improved from 2 to 1.2. This finding suggests that a change score of greater than 1.2 points on the modified BASDAI is required to achieve meaningful change.CONCLUSION: Applying the Rasch transformed scores simplifies completion and scoring of the measure and confirms internal construct validity. It also ensures linear measurement and justifies the use of parametric statistical analyses when analysing datasets. The transformation table can be used with existing BASDAI datasets to allow direct comparisons of disease activity scores with those generated from future studies.",
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