Illicit drugs and pharmaceuticals in the environment - Forensic applications of environmental data, Part 2: Pharmaceuticals as chemical markers of faecal water contamination

Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern, R M Dinsdale, A J Guwy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This manuscript is part two of a two-part study aiming to provide a better understanding and application of environmental data not only for environmental aims but also to meet forensic objectives. In this paper pharmaceuticals were investigated as potential chemical indicators of water contamination with sewage. The monitoring program carried out in Wales revealed that some pharmaceuticals are particularly persistent and/or ubiquitous in contaminated river water and therefore might be considered as potential conservative or labile wastewater indicators. In particular, these include some anti-inflammatory/analgesics, antiepileptics, beta-blockers, some H2-receptor antagonists and antibacterial drugs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1778-1786
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume157
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Surface water
  • endocrine disruptors
  • tandem mass-spectrometry
  • Environmental forensics
  • surface waters
  • anthropogenic marker
  • solid-phase
  • rivers
  • extraction
  • sewage pollution
  • Chemical tracers
  • liquid-chromatography
  • waste-water
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • personal care products
  • Wastewater markers

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