In vitro in vivo relations for the parenteral liposomal formulation of Amphotericin B: A biorelevant and clinically relevant approach

R. Díaz de León–Ortega, D. M. D'Arcy, D. A. Lamprou, W. F. Xue, N. Fotaki

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There is limited information on how to perform in vitro release tests for intravenously administered parenteral formulations and how to relate the in vitro release with an in vivo pharmacokinetic parameter after the administration of the formulation. In this study, the effect of hydrodynamics (using sample and separate and continuous flow conditions) and medium components (synthetic surfactants, albumin and buffers) on the release of Amphotericin B from the liposomal Ambisome® formulation were investigated. Pharmacokinetic modeling of plasma concentration profiles from healthy subjects administered Ambisome® was used to estimate the in vivo release rate constant of drug from the formulation in order to compare it with the in vitro release profiles. With the estimated in vivo and in vitro release rate constants, release profiles were generated. Two approaches were followed: comparison of in vivo and in vitro release rate constants and comparison of the area under the percent release-time curve from observed in vitro release data and simulated in vivo release data. Albumin was found to be most critical factor for the release of the drug by having a negative effect on the amount of Amphotericin B released. The release profiles obtained with the sample and separate method in both Krebs Ringer buffer- and Phosphate Saline buffer - albumin 4.0% w/v were predictive of the in vivo release profiles in healthy subjects. Determining the factors affecting drug release from parenteral formulations and relating the release profiles to a pharmacokinetic parameter in vivo supports the development of in vitro in vivo relations for parenteral products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-197
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Early online date25 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2021


  • Amphotericin B
  • Formulation
  • In vitro
  • Liposomes
  • Parenteral
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Release

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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